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Toxins 2010, 2(6), 1381-1398; doi:10.3390/toxins2061381

Molecular Mechanism of Ochratoxin A Transport in the Kidney

1
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Kyorin University School of Medicine, 6-20-2, Shinkawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181-8611, Japan
2
J-Pharma Co. Ltd., 2-16-8, Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-0022, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 April 2010 / Revised: 11 May 2010 / Accepted: 9 June 2010 / Published: 9 June 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ochratoxins)
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Abstract

The mycotoxin, ochratoxin A (OTA), is thought to be responsible for Balkan endemic nephropathy. OTA accumulates in several tissues, especially in the kidneys and liver. The excretion of OTA into urine is thought to be mainly by tubular secretion, presumably via the organic anion transport system. Recently, several families of multispecific organic anion transporters have been identified: organic anion transporters (OATs), organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs), oligopeptide transporters (PEPTs), and ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, such as MRP2 and BCRP. These renal transporters mediate the transmembrane transport of OTA and play a pivotal role in the development of OTA-induced nephrotoxicity.
Keywords: ochratoxin A; mycotoxin; organic anion transporter; kidney; nephrotoxicity ochratoxin A; mycotoxin; organic anion transporter; kidney; nephrotoxicity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Anzai, N.; Jutabha, P.; Endou, H. Molecular Mechanism of Ochratoxin A Transport in the Kidney. Toxins 2010, 2, 1381-1398.

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