Next Article in Journal
Animal Toxins: How is Complexity Represented in Databases?
Next Article in Special Issue
Detection of Fumonisin B1 and Ochratoxin A in Grain Products Using Microsphere-Based Fluid Array Immunoassays
Previous Article in Journal
Pasteurella multocida Toxin Activates Various Heterotrimeric G Proteins by Deamidation
Previous Article in Special Issue
Fluorescence Polarization Immunoassay of Mycotoxins: A Review
This paper was retracted on 28 April 2010, see Toxins 2010, 2(4), 934.

Toxins 2010, 2(2), 229-261; doi:10.3390/toxins2020229
Review

Mycotoxin Contamination of Beverages: Occurrence of Patulin in Apple Juice and Ochratoxin A in Coffee, Beer and Wine and Their Control Methods

1,* , 2,* , 3
, 4
 and 1
1 School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang, Malaysia 2 National Biological Control Laboratory, Crop Genetics Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, 59 Lee Rd., PO Box 67, Stoneville, MS 38776, USA 3 Corn Insects and Crop Genetics Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Room 401, Genetics Building, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA 4 Department of Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, University of Minnesota, 308 Harvard St., SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 December 2009 / Revised: 18 January 2010 / Accepted: 21 January 2010 / Published: 2 February 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Mycotoxin Research)
Download PDF [908 KB, uploaded 28 April 2010]

Abstract

It has been brought to our attention by a member of our Editorial Board that substantial portions of this review article have been copied verbatim from earlier publications without credit. After comparing the present paper and the other sources we have determined that indeed this manuscript clearly violates our policy on originality of all material submitted for publication and the generally accepted ethics of scientific publication. Consequently, the Editorial Team and Publisher have determined that it should be retracted. We apologize for any inconvenience this may cause.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Reddy, K.R.N.; Abbas, H.K.; Abel, C.A.; Shier, W.T.; Salleh, B. Mycotoxin Contamination of Beverages: Occurrence of Patulin in Apple Juice and Ochratoxin A in Coffee, Beer and Wine and Their Control Methods. Toxins 2010, 2, 229-261.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Comments

Citing Articles

[Return to top]
Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert