Bovine Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Are More Sensitive to Deoxynivalenol Than Those Derived from Poultry and Swine
AbstractDeoxynivalenol (DON) is one of the most prevalent mycotoxins, contaminating cereals and cereal-derived products. Its derivative deepoxy-deoxynivalenol (DOM-1) is produced by certain bacteria, which either occur naturally or are supplemented in feed additive. DON-induced impairments in protein synthesis are particularly problematic for highly proliferating immune cells. This study provides the first comparison of the effects of DON and DOM-1 on the concanavalin A-induced proliferation of porcine, chicken, and bovine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Therefore, isolated PBMCs were treated with DON (0.01–3.37 µM) and DOM-1 (1.39–357 µM) separately, and proliferation was measured using a bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) assay. Although pigs are considered highly sensitive to DON, the present study revealed a substantially higher sensitivity of bovine (IC50 = 0.314 µM) PBMCs compared to chicken (IC50 = 0.691 µM) and porcine (IC50 = 0.693 µM) PBMCs. Analyses on the proliferation of bovine T-cell subsets showed that all major subsets, namely, CD4+, CD8β+, and γδ T cells, were affected to a similar extent. In contrast, DOM-1 did not affect bovine PBMCs, but reduced the proliferation of chicken and porcine PBMCs at the highest tested concentration (357 µM). Results confirm the necessity of feed additives containing DON-to-DOM-1-transforming bacteria and highlights species-specific differences in the DON sensitivity of immune cells. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Novak, B.; Vatzia, E.; Springler, A.; Pierron, A.; Gerner, W.; Reisinger, N.; Hessenberger, S.; Schatzmayr, G.; Mayer, E. Bovine Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Are More Sensitive to Deoxynivalenol Than Those Derived from Poultry and Swine. Toxins 2018, 10, 152.
Novak B, Vatzia E, Springler A, Pierron A, Gerner W, Reisinger N, Hessenberger S, Schatzmayr G, Mayer E. Bovine Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Are More Sensitive to Deoxynivalenol Than Those Derived from Poultry and Swine. Toxins. 2018; 10(4):152.Chicago/Turabian Style
Novak, Barbara; Vatzia, Eleni; Springler, Alexandra; Pierron, Alix; Gerner, Wilhelm; Reisinger, Nicole; Hessenberger, Sabine; Schatzmayr, Gerd; Mayer, Elisabeth. 2018. "Bovine Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Are More Sensitive to Deoxynivalenol Than Those Derived from Poultry and Swine." Toxins 10, no. 4: 152.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.