Chemopreventive Potential of Ethanolic Extracts of Luobuma Leaves (Apocynum venetum L.) in Androgen Insensitive Prostate Cancer
AbstractLuobuma (Apocynum venetum L. (AVL)) is a popular beverage in Asia and has been reportedly to be associated with the bioactivities such as cardiotonic, diuretic, antioxidative, and antihypertensive. However, its biofunction as chemoprevention activity is seldom addressed. Herein, we aimed to characterize the anti-androgen-insensitive-prostate-cancer (anti-AIPC) bioactive compounds of Luobuma, and to investigate the associated molecular mechanisms. Activity-guided-fractionation (antioxidative activity and cell survivability) of Luobuma ethanolic extracts was performed to isolate and characterize the major bioactive compounds using Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC), Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS), and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR). Plant sterols (lupeol, stigamasterol and β-sitosterol) and polyphenolics (isorhamnetin, kaempferol, and quercetin) were identified. Lupeol, a triterpene found in the fraction (F8) eluted by 10% ethyl acetate/90% hexane and accounted for 19.3% (w/w) of F8, inhibited the proliferation of PC3 cells. Both lupeol and F8 induced G2/M arrest, inhibition of β-catenin signaling, regulation of apoptotic signal molecules (cytochrome c, Bcl-2, P53, and caspase 3 and 8), and suppression DNA repair enzyme expression (Uracil-DNA glycosylase (UNG)). To our knowledge, our study is the first report that lupeol inhibited the expression of UNG to elicit the cytotoxicity against androgen-insensitive-prostate-cancer cells. Collectively, Luobuma, which contains several antitumor bioactive compounds, holds the potential to be a dietary chemopreventive agent for prostate cancer. View Full-Text
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Huang, S.-P.; Ho, T.-M.; Yang, C.-W.; Chang, Y.-J.; Chen, J.-F.; Shaw, N.-S.; Horng, J.-C.; Hsu, S.-L.; Liao, M.-Y.; Wu, L.-C.; Ho, J.-A.A. Chemopreventive Potential of Ethanolic Extracts of Luobuma Leaves (Apocynum venetum L.) in Androgen Insensitive Prostate Cancer. Nutrients 2017, 9, 948.
Huang S-P, Ho T-M, Yang C-W, Chang Y-J, Chen J-F, Shaw N-S, Horng J-C, Hsu S-L, Liao M-Y, Wu L-C, Ho J-AA. Chemopreventive Potential of Ethanolic Extracts of Luobuma Leaves (Apocynum venetum L.) in Androgen Insensitive Prostate Cancer. Nutrients. 2017; 9(9):948.Chicago/Turabian Style
Huang, Szu-Ping; Ho, Tzu-Ming; Yang, Chih-Wen; Chang, Ya-Ju; Chen, Jie-Fu; Shaw, Ning-Sing; Horng, Jia-Cherng; Hsu, Shih-Lan; Liao, Ming-Yuan; Wu, Li-Chen; Ho, Ja-an A. 2017. "Chemopreventive Potential of Ethanolic Extracts of Luobuma Leaves (Apocynum venetum L.) in Androgen Insensitive Prostate Cancer." Nutrients 9, no. 9: 948.
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