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Nutrients 2017, 9(9), 1031; doi:10.3390/nu9091031

Implementing a Health and Wellbeing Programme for Children in Early Childhood: A Preliminary Study

School of Nursing, Eastern Institute of Technology, Taradale, Napier 4112, New Zealand
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 June 2017 / Revised: 7 August 2017 / Accepted: 13 September 2017 / Published: 18 September 2017
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In New Zealand, there is a high prevalence of childhood poverty and food insecurity, which can impact a family’s ability to provide high quality, nutrient dense foods for their children. In an attempt to increase the quality of the food consumed by children attending a decile two (low socio-economic) kindergarten and to address food insecurity issues, an educational health and wellness initiative, in conjunction with a free lunch programme, was introduced. The impact of the lunches and the effectiveness of the programme were evaluated. Baseline and end-intervention 24-h modified dietary recall questionnaire data and a vegetable- and fruit-specific food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) were collected. A follow-up FFQ was administered six months after the end of the intervention. The nutrient composition of the foods recorded in the 24-h recall questionnaires were analysed using FoodWorks8™. Whilst no significant differences were observed with the intakes of individual nutrients, there was a significant decrease in the consumption of ultra-processed snack foods (p = 0.015). The results of the follow-up FFQ, including the comments collected from the parents, suggested that the intervention had a longer-term positive impact on not only the children involved in the study but also on their whānau (wider family members) View Full-Text
Keywords: education programme; fruit and vegetable consumption; ultra-processed foods; kindergarten education programme; fruit and vegetable consumption; ultra-processed foods; kindergarten
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Munday, K.; Wilson, M. Implementing a Health and Wellbeing Programme for Children in Early Childhood: A Preliminary Study. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1031.

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