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Nutrients 2017, 9(7), 739; doi:10.3390/nu9070739

Influence of Genetic Variations in Selenoprotein Genes on the Pattern of Gene Expression after Supplementation with Brazil Nuts

1
Department of Food and Experimental Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-900, Brazil
2
Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 01246-904, Brazil
3
Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 May 2017 / Revised: 31 May 2017 / Accepted: 9 June 2017 / Published: 11 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrigenetics)
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Abstract

Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient for human health. Its beneficial effects are exerted by selenoproteins, which can be quantified in blood and used as molecular biomarkers of Se status. We hypothesize that the presence of genetic polymorphisms in selenoprotein genes may: (1) influence the gene expression of specific selenoproteins and (2) influence the pattern of global gene expression after Brazil nut supplementation. The study was conducted with 130 healthy volunteers in Sao Paulo, Brazil, who consumed one Brazil nut (300 μg/Se) a day for eight weeks. Gene expression of GPX1 and SELENOP and genotyping were measured by real-time PCR using TaqMan Assays. Global gene expression was assessed by microarray using Illumina HumanHT-12 v4 BeadChips. Brazil nut supplementation significantly increased GPX1 mRNA expression only in subjects with CC genotype at rs1050450 (p < 0.05). SELENOP mRNA expression was significantly higher in A-carriers at rs7579 either before or after supplementation (p < 0.05). Genotype for rs713041 in GPX4 affected the pattern of blood cell global gene expression. Genetic variations in selenoprotein genes modulated both GPX1 and SELENOP selenoprotein gene expression and global gene expression in response to Brazil nut supplementation. View Full-Text
Keywords: SNPs; polymorphisms; microarray; transcriptomics; micronutrient SNPs; polymorphisms; microarray; transcriptomics; micronutrient
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MDPI and ACS Style

Donadio, J.L.S.; Rogero, M.M.; Cockell, S.; Hesketh, J.; Cozzolino, S.M.F. Influence of Genetic Variations in Selenoprotein Genes on the Pattern of Gene Expression after Supplementation with Brazil Nuts. Nutrients 2017, 9, 739.

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