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Nutrients 2017, 9(7), 696; doi:10.3390/nu9070696

Acute Consumption of Resistant Starch Reduces Food Intake but Has No Effect on Appetite Ratings in Healthy Subjects

1
Centro de Investigación, DACS, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco (UJAT), Villahermosa, 86150 Tabasco, Mexico
2
División Académica Multidisciplinaria de Comalcalco, UJAT, Comalcalco, 86658 Tabasco, Mexico
3
Unidad de Medicina Familiar 10, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), Xalapa, 91000 Veracruz, Mexico
4
Unidad de Medicina Familiar 39, IMSS, Villahermosa, 86070 Tabasco, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mark D. Haub and Cindy D. Davis
Received: 3 May 2017 / Revised: 18 June 2017 / Accepted: 28 June 2017 / Published: 4 July 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1434 KB, uploaded 4 July 2017]   |  

Abstract

Previous studies have shown the benefits of native banana starch (NBS) supplementation in improving glucose metabolism and reducing body weight (BW) in humans. However, the effect of this starch on appetite regulation is unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of NBS rich resistant starch on subjective measurements of appetite, energy intake, and appetite hormones in healthy subjects. Postprandial glucose and insulin responses were also assessed. In a randomized, single-blind, crossover study, 28 healthy young subjects consumed a beverage containing either 40 g of NBS or 40 g of digestible corn starch (DCS) on two separate occasions. Effects on appetite were estimated using visual analogue scales (VAS) and satiety hormone responses. At the end of the intervention, participants were provided with a pre-weighed ad libitum homogeneous test meal. After a washout period of 1 week, subjects received the alternative treatment. NBS supplementation induced a reduction in food intake, glucose area under the curve (AUC)-180 min, and insulin AUC-180 min. However, there was no associated effect on the subjective appetite ratings or gut hormones. NBS supplementation may help to reduce meal size and control BW. View Full-Text
Keywords: native banana starch; resistant starch; appetite hormones; visual analogue scale; glycemia; insulin native banana starch; resistant starch; appetite hormones; visual analogue scale; glycemia; insulin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ble-Castillo, J.L.; Juárez-Rojop, I.E.; Tovilla-Zárate, C.A.; García-Vázquez, C.; Servin-Cruz, M.Z.; Rodríguez-Hernández, A.; Araiza-Saldaña, C.I.; Nolasco-Coleman, A.M.; Díaz-Zagoya, J.C. Acute Consumption of Resistant Starch Reduces Food Intake but Has No Effect on Appetite Ratings in Healthy Subjects. Nutrients 2017, 9, 696.

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