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Nutrients 2017, 9(7), 660; doi:10.3390/nu9070660

The Diuretic Action of Weak and Strong Alcoholic Beverages in Elderly Men: A Randomized Diet-Controlled Crossover Trial

1
The Dutch Beer Institute, Wageningen 6701, The Netherlands
2
Division of Health and Society, Wageningen University, Wageningen 6706, The Netherlands
3
StatistiCal B.V., 2241 MN Wassenaar, The Netherlands
4
Faculty of Sports and Nutrition, Amsterdam University of applied sciences, Amsterdam 1097, The Netherlands
5
Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen 6700, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 May 2017 / Revised: 16 June 2017 / Accepted: 23 June 2017 / Published: 28 June 2017
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Abstract

With ageing, there is a greater risk of dehydration. This study investigated the diuretic effect of alcoholic beverages varying in alcohol concentration in elderly men. Three alcoholic beverages (beer (AB), wine (AW), and spirits (S)) and their non-alcoholic counterparts (non-alcoholic beer (NAB), non-alcoholic wine (NAW), and water (W)) were tested in a diet-controlled randomized crossover trial. For the alcoholic beverages, alcohol intake equaled a moderate amount of 30 g. An equal volume of beverage was given for the non-alcoholic counterpart. After consumption, the urine output was collected every hour for 4 h and the total 24 h urine output was measured. AW and S resulted in a higher cumulative urine output compared to NAW and W during the first 4 h (effect size: 0.25 mL p < 0.003, effect size: 0.18 mL, p < 0.001, respectively), but not after the 24h urine collection (p > 0.40, p > 0.10). AB and NAB did not differ at any time point (effect size: −0.02 mL p > 0.70). For urine osmolality, and the sodium and potassium concentration, the findings were in line. In conclusion, only moderate amounts of stronger alcoholic beverages, such as wine and spirits, resulted in a short and small diuretic effect in elderly men. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydration; dehydration; moderate alcohol consumption; beer; wine; spirits hydration; dehydration; moderate alcohol consumption; beer; wine; spirits
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Polhuis, K.C.M.M.; Wijnen, A.H.C.; Sierksma, A.; Calame, W.; Tieland, M. The Diuretic Action of Weak and Strong Alcoholic Beverages in Elderly Men: A Randomized Diet-Controlled Crossover Trial. Nutrients 2017, 9, 660.

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