Next Article in Journal
Bioavailability of Microencapsulated Iron from Fortified Bread Assessed Using Piglet Model
Previous Article in Journal
Correlations between Maternal, Breast Milk, and Infant Vitamin B12 Concentrations among Mother–Infant Dyads in Vancouver, Canada and Prey Veng, Cambodia: An Exploratory Analysis
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2017, 9(3), 264; doi:10.3390/nu9030264

Beverage Consumption among U.S. Children Aged 0–24 Months: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)

1
Deakin University, Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Locked Bag 20000, Waurn Ponds, Geelong VIC 3000, Australia
2
Children’s Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates Ave, Houston, TX 77030, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 January 2017 / Revised: 20 February 2017 / Accepted: 2 March 2017 / Published: 13 March 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1547 KB, uploaded 13 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

Data on beverage consumption patterns in early life are limited. The aim of this study was to describe beverage consumption by sociodemographic characteristics, along with water intake and sources of water among U.S. children aged 0–24 months. Data from 2740 children in the 2005–2012 NHANES were analysed. Food intake was determined via one 24-h dietary recall. Beverages were categorised according to What We Eat In America groups. Poverty–Income ratio was used to define household income. During infancy (0–5.9 months and 6–11.9 months) infant formulas were the most commonly consumed beverage, 74.1% and 78.6% of children consuming, respectively. Comparatively fewer children, 41.6% and 24.3%, consumed breast milk. In toddlers (12–24 months), the most commonly consumed beverages were plain milk (83.6% of children consuming), water (68.6%), 100% fruit juice (51.8%) and sweetened beverages (31.2%). Non-Hispanic black and Mexican-American children were more likely to consume sweetened beverages, 100% fruit juice and infant formula than Non-Hispanic white children. Children from lower income households were more likely to consume sweetened beverages and 100% fruit juice and less likely to consume breast milk than children from higher income households. Total water intake increased with age and the contribution of water from food and beverage sources was ~20% and ~80% for all children, respectively. Disparities in beverage consumption by race/ethnicity and income level are apparent in early life. View Full-Text
Keywords: NHANES; infant; toddler; beverage intake; water intake NHANES; infant; toddler; beverage intake; water intake
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Grimes, C.A.; Szymlek-Gay, E.A.; Nicklas, T.A. Beverage Consumption among U.S. Children Aged 0–24 Months: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Nutrients 2017, 9, 264.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top