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Nutrients 2017, 9(2), 177; doi:10.3390/nu9020177

Mediterranean Diet and Its Correlates among Adolescents in Non-Mediterranean European Countries: A Population-Based Study

1
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb 10-000, Croatia
2
Sports Education Faculty, Lithuanian Sports University, Kaunas 44221, Lithunia
3
Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Belgrade 11-000, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 November 2016 / Revised: 20 January 2017 / Accepted: 9 February 2017 / Published: 22 February 2017
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Abstract

Little is known about the factors which might influence the adherence to a Mediterranean diet in non-Mediterranean European countries. Thus, the main purpose of this study was to determine the associations between socioeconomic, psychological, and physical factors on a Mediterranean diet. In this cross-sectional study, participants were 14–18-year-old adolescents (N = 3071) from two non-Mediterranean countries: Lithuania (N = 1863) and Serbia (N = 1208). The dependent variable was Mediterranean diet, and was assessed with the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index for children and adolescents questionnaire. Independent variables were gender, body-mass index, self-rated health, socioeconomic status, psychological distress, physical activity, and sedentary behavior. The associations between dependent and independent variables were analyzed by using logistic regression. Results showed that higher adherence to a Mediterranean diet was associated with higher self-rated health, socioeconomic status, and physical activity, yet low adherence to a Mediterranean diet was associated with being female, having higher body-mass index, psychological distress, and sedentary behavior. Our findings suggest that future studies need to explore associations between lifestyle habits—especially in target populations, such as primary and secondary school students. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrition; secondary-school students; health; physical activity; sedentary behavior nutrition; secondary-school students; health; physical activity; sedentary behavior
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Novak, D.; Štefan, L.; Prosoli, R.; Emeljanovas, A.; Mieziene, B.; Milanović, I.; Radisavljević-Janić, S. Mediterranean Diet and Its Correlates among Adolescents in Non-Mediterranean European Countries: A Population-Based Study. Nutrients 2017, 9, 177.

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