Exploring the Impact of Food on the Gut Ecosystem Based on the Combination of Machine Learning and Network Visualization
AbstractPrebiotics and probiotics strongly impact the gut ecosystem by changing the composition and/or metabolism of the microbiota to improve the health of the host. However, the composition of the microbiota constantly changes due to the intake of daily diet. This shift in the microbiota composition has a considerable impact; however, non-pre/probiotic foods that have a low impact are ignored because of the lack of a highly sensitive evaluation method. We performed comprehensive acquisition of data using existing measurements (nuclear magnetic resonance, next-generation DNA sequencing, and inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy) and analyses based on a combination of machine learning and network visualization, which extracted important factors by the Random Forest approach, and applied these factors to a network module. We used two pteridophytes, Pteridium aquilinum and Matteuccia struthiopteris, for the representative daily diet. This novel analytical method could detect the impact of a small but significant shift associated with Matteuccia struthiopteris but not Pteridium aquilinum intake, using the functional network module. In this study, we proposed a novel method that is useful to explore a new valuable food to improve the health of the host as pre/probiotics. View Full-Text
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Shima, H.; Masuda, S.; Date, Y.; Shino, A.; Tsuboi, Y.; Kajikawa, M.; Inoue, Y.; Kanamoto, T.; Kikuchi, J. Exploring the Impact of Food on the Gut Ecosystem Based on the Combination of Machine Learning and Network Visualization. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1307.
Shima H, Masuda S, Date Y, Shino A, Tsuboi Y, Kajikawa M, Inoue Y, Kanamoto T, Kikuchi J. Exploring the Impact of Food on the Gut Ecosystem Based on the Combination of Machine Learning and Network Visualization. Nutrients. 2017; 9(12):1307.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shima, Hideaki; Masuda, Shizuka; Date, Yasuhiro; Shino, Amiu; Tsuboi, Yuuri; Kajikawa, Mizuho; Inoue, Yoshihiro; Kanamoto, Taisei; Kikuchi, Jun. 2017. "Exploring the Impact of Food on the Gut Ecosystem Based on the Combination of Machine Learning and Network Visualization." Nutrients 9, no. 12: 1307.
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