Next Article in Journal
Prevalence and Predictors of Subclinical Micronutrient Deficiency in German Older Adults: Results from the Population-Based KORA-Age Study
Previous Article in Journal
Factors Influencing the Phenotypic Characterization of the Oral Marker, PROP
Article Menu
Issue 12 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2017, 9(12), 1277; doi:10.3390/nu9121277

Association between Vitamin Intake during Pregnancy and Risk of Small for Gestational Age

1
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Granada, 18016 Granada, Spain
2
Ciber de Epidemiología y Salud Pública CIBERESP, 28029 Madrid, Spain
3
Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada ibs.GRANADA, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Granada/Universidad de Granada, 18012 Granada, Spain
4
Department of Nursing, University of Jaen, 23071 Jaen, Spain
5
Public Health System of Andalusia, 23400 Jaen, Spain
6
University of Jaén, Campus de Las Lagunillas s/n, Building B3 Office 413, 23071 Jaén, Spain
7
Obstetric and Gynecology Unit, Virgen de las Nieves Universitary Hospital, 18014 Granada, Spain
8
Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Jaen, 23071 Jaen, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 October 2017 / Revised: 17 November 2017 / Accepted: 21 November 2017 / Published: 23 November 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [281 KB, uploaded 23 November 2017]

Abstract

Pregnancy increases the requirements of certain nutrients, such as vitamins, to provide nutrition for the newborn. The aim was to analyze the association between dietary intake of vitamins during pregnancy and risk of having a small for gestational age (SGA) newborn. A matched case-control study was conducted (518 cases and 518 controls of pregnant women) in Spain. Dietary vitamin intake during pregnancy was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire, categorized into quintiles. Odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated with conditional regression logistic models. A protective association was observed between maternal dietary intake of vitamins A and D and SGA. For vitamin B3 and B6, the observed protective effect was maintained after adjusting for potential confounding factors. For vitamin B9, we found only an effect in quintiles 3 and 4 (OR = 0.64; 95% CI, 0.41–1.00; OR = 0.58; 95% CI, 0.37–0.91). Protective effect for vitamin B12 was observed in 4th and 5th quintiles (OR = 0.61; 95% CI, 0.39–0.95; OR = 0.68; 95% CI, 0.43–1.04). No associations were detected between dietary intake of vitamins B2, E and C intake and SGA. Our results suggest a positive association between dietary vitamin intake during pregnancy and the weight of the newborn, although more studies are necessary and there could be a ceiling effect for higher intakes of some vitamins cannot be discarded. View Full-Text
Keywords: maternal nutrition; dietary vitamins intake; pregnancy; small for gestational age maternal nutrition; dietary vitamins intake; pregnancy; small for gestational age
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Salcedo-Bellido, I.; Martínez-Galiano, J.M.; Olmedo-Requena, R.; Mozas-Moreno, J.; Bueno-Cavanillas, A.; Jimenez-Moleon, J.J.; Delgado-Rodríguez, M. Association between Vitamin Intake during Pregnancy and Risk of Small for Gestational Age. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1277.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top