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Nutrients 2017, 9(11), 1259; doi:10.3390/nu9111259

The Association between Food Addiction and Early Maladaptive Schemas in Overweight and Obese Women: A Preliminary Investigation

1
Department of Human Science, European University of Rome, Via degli Aldobrandeschi 190, 00163 Roma, Italy
2
Stockton University, 101 Vera King Farris Drive, Galloway, NJ 08205-9441, USA
3
Department of Pychological, Health and Territorial Sciences, University of Chieti-Pescara, Via dei Vestini 31, 0871, 3551Pescara, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 October 2017 / Revised: 11 November 2017 / Accepted: 14 November 2017 / Published: 17 November 2017
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Abstract

In recent years, there has been a growing focus on early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) as core features associated with eating psychopathology. The aims of the present study were to assess in overweight and obese women: (i) the association between dysfunctional eating patterns (i.e., food addiction and binge eating) and EMSs, and (ii) the association between food addiction and EMSs after controlling for potential confounding variables (i.e., binge eating severity and psychopathology). Participants were 70 overweight and obese women seeking low-energy-diet therapy. The patients were administered self-report measures investigating food addiction, binge eating, EMSs, anxiety symptoms, and depressive symptoms. Food addiction severity was strongly associated with all main schema domains. Binge eating severity was positively related to disconnection/rejection (r = 0.41; p < 0.01), impaired limits (r = 0.26; p < 0.05), and other-directedness domains (r = 0.27; p < 0.05). The disconnection/rejection schema was independently associated with food addiction severity, after controlling for the presence of other potential confounding variables (i.e., binge eating severity and psychopathology) suggesting that this domain may be a crucial factor for the development of food addiction. View Full-Text
Keywords: food addiction; early maladaptive schemas; binge eating severity; obesity; overweight food addiction; early maladaptive schemas; binge eating severity; obesity; overweight
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Imperatori, C.; Innamorati, M.; Lester, D.; Continisio, M.; Balsamo, M.; Saggino, A.; Fabbricatore, M. The Association between Food Addiction and Early Maladaptive Schemas in Overweight and Obese Women: A Preliminary Investigation. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1259.

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