Next Article in Journal
Effect of a Lactobacillus Salivarius Probiotic on a Double-Species Streptococcus Mutans and Candida Albicans Caries Biofilm
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of a Lutein and Zeaxanthin Intervention on Cognitive Function: A Randomized, Double-Masked, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Younger Healthy Adults
Previous Article in Special Issue
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Nutritional Implications: Special Focus on Copper
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2017, 9(11), 1245; doi:10.3390/nu9111245

Nutritional Profile and Dietary Patterns of Lebanese Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Patients: A Case-Control Study

1
Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmacy, Saint Joseph University, Damascus Road, P.O. Box 11-5076, Riad el Solh, Beirut, Lebanon
2
Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Institut Polytechnique UniLaSalle, 19, rue Pierre Waguet, 60026 Beauvais CEDEX, France
3
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Faculty of Medicine, Saint Joseph University, Damascus Road, P.O. Box 11-5076, Riad el Solh, Beirut, Lebanon
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 August 2017 / Revised: 3 November 2017 / Accepted: 9 November 2017 / Published: 14 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1497 KB, uploaded 14 November 2017]   |  

Abstract

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered the most common liver disease in the world. Dietary habits have a significant impact on the biological and physical profile of patients and increase the risk of NAFLD. The overall pattern of diet intake is more associated with health outcomes than nutrients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional profile and the dietary patterns of Lebanese NAFLD patients and compare it with controls. During this study; 112 NAFLD Lebanese adult patients (55 men and 57 women); and 110 controls (44 men and 66 women) were recruited. Dietary intake was evaluated by two 24-h recalls and a semi-quantitative 90-item food frequency questionnaire. Dietary patterns were determined by factor analysis. Results from the study demonstrated that 40% of cases belonged to the high fruit group as compared to 30% following a high meat; fast food dietary pattern. Both groups increased the odds of NAFLD by four-fold (p < 0.05). The traditional diet decreases the odds by 33% after adjustment with the covariables. The high fruit diet group was, as with the high meat, fast food dietary pattern, the main potential risk factor for NAFLD in Lebanese patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; high fruit group; high meat; fast food non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; high fruit group; high meat; fast food
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Fakhoury-Sayegh, N.; Younes, H.; Heraoui, G.N.H.A.; Sayegh, R. Nutritional Profile and Dietary Patterns of Lebanese Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Patients: A Case-Control Study. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1245.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top