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Nutrients 2016, 8(9), 558; doi:10.3390/nu8090558

Validity and Reproducibility of a Habitual Dietary Fibre Intake Short Food Frequency Questionnaire

1
Massey Institute of Food Science and Technology, School of Food and Nutrition, Massey University, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
2
Food, Nutrition and Health, The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
3
Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland 1023, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 July 2016 / Revised: 24 August 2016 / Accepted: 5 September 2016 / Published: 10 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Fibers and Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [208 KB, uploaded 10 September 2016]

Abstract

Low dietary fibre intake has been associated with poorer health outcomes, therefore having the ability to be able to quickly assess an individual’s dietary fibre intake would prove useful in clinical practice and for research purposes. Current dietary assessment methods such as food records and food frequency questionnaires are time-consuming and burdensome, and there are presently no published short dietary fibre intake questionnaires that can quantify an individual’s total habitual dietary fibre intake and classify individuals as low, moderate or high habitual dietary fibre consumers. Therefore, we aimed to develop and validate a habitual dietary fibre intake short food frequency questionnaire (DFI-FFQ) which can quickly and accurately classify individuals based on their habitual dietary fibre intake. In this study the DFI-FFQ was validated against the Monash University comprehensive nutrition assessment questionnaire (CNAQ). Fifty-two healthy, normal weight male (n = 17) and female (n = 35) participants, aged between 21 and 61 years, completed the DFI-FFQ twice and the CNAQ once. All eligible participants completed the study, however the data from 46% of the participants were excluded from analysis secondary to misreporting. The DFI-FFQ cannot accurately quantify total habitual dietary fibre intakes, however, it is a quick, valid and reproducible tool in classifying individuals based on their habitual dietary fibre intakes. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary fibre; short food frequency questionnaire; validation dietary fibre; short food frequency questionnaire; validation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Healey, G.; Brough, L.; Murphy, R.; Hedderley, D.; Butts, C.; Coad, J. Validity and Reproducibility of a Habitual Dietary Fibre Intake Short Food Frequency Questionnaire. Nutrients 2016, 8, 558.

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