Next Article in Journal
Platycodon grandiflorus Root Extract Attenuates Body Fat Mass, Hepatic Steatosis and Insulin Resistance through the Interplay between the Liver and Adipose Tissue
Next Article in Special Issue
Short- and Long-Term Effects of Wholegrain Oat Intake on Weight Management and Glucolipid Metabolism in Overweight Type-2 Diabetics: A Randomized Control Trial
Previous Article in Journal
Molecular Targets Underlying the Anticancer Effects of Quercetin: An Update
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effect of Consuming Oat Bran Mixed in Water before a Meal on Glycemic Responses in Healthy Humans—A Pilot Study
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2016, 8(9), 531; doi:10.3390/nu8090531

Associations between Dietary Fiber Intake in Infancy and Cardiometabolic Health at School Age: The Generation R Study

1
The Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Office Na-2909, P.O. Box 2040, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands
2
The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands
3
Department of Global Public Health, Leiden University, The Hague 3595 DG, The Netherlands
4
The Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 June 2016 / Revised: 9 August 2016 / Accepted: 23 August 2016 / Published: 30 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Fibers and Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [583 KB, uploaded 30 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

Dietary fiber (DF) intake may be beneficial for cardiometabolic health. However, whether this already occurs in early childhood is unclear. We investigated associations between DF intake in infancy and cardiometabolic health in childhood among 2032 children participating in a population-based cohort in The Netherlands. Information on DF intake at a median age of 12.9 months was collected using a food-frequency questionnaire. DF was adjusted for energy intake using the residual method. At age 6 years, body fat percentage, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, insulin, triglycerides, and blood pressure were assessed and expressed in age- and sex-specific standard deviation scores (SDS). These five factors were combined into a cardiometabolic risk factor score. In models adjusted for several parental and child covariates, a higher DF intake was associated with a lower cardiometabolic risk factor score. When we examined individual cardiometabolic factors, we observed that a 1 g/day higher energy-adjusted DF intake was associated with 0.026 SDS higher HDL-cholesterol (95% CI 0.009, 0.042), and 0.020 SDS lower triglycerides (95% CI −0.037, −0.003), but not with body fat, insulin, or blood pressure. Results were similar for DF with and without adjustment for energy intake. Our findings suggest that higher DF intake in infancy may be associated with better cardiometabolic health in later childhood. View Full-Text
Keywords: body fat; blood pressure; cohort; dietary fiber; early childhood; HDL-C; insulin; triglyceride body fat; blood pressure; cohort; dietary fiber; early childhood; HDL-C; insulin; triglyceride
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

van Gijssel, R.M.A.; Braun, K.V.E.; Kiefte-de Jong, J.C.; Jaddoe, V.W.V.; Franco, O.H.; Voortman, T. Associations between Dietary Fiber Intake in Infancy and Cardiometabolic Health at School Age: The Generation R Study. Nutrients 2016, 8, 531.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top