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Nutrients 2016, 8(9), 530; doi:10.3390/nu8090530

The Role of Nutrition in Periodontal Health: An Update

1
Restorative Dental Sciences, Al-Farabi College, Riyadh 361724, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Restorative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Taibah University, Al Madinah, Al Munawwarah 41311, Saudi Arabia
3
College of Dentistry, King Faisal University, P.O. Box 380, Al-Hofuf, Al-Ahsa 31982, Saudi Arabia
4
Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Engineering, King Faisal University, P.O. Box 380, Al-Hofuf, Al-Ahsa 31982, Saudi Arabia
5
Division of Periodontology, University of Dammam, College of Dentistry, Dammam 31441, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 June 2016 / Revised: 22 August 2016 / Accepted: 23 August 2016 / Published: 30 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Oral Health)
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Abstract

Periodontal health is influenced by a number of factors such as oral hygiene, genetic and epigenetic factors, systemic health, and nutrition. Many studies have observed that a balanced diet has an essential role in maintaining periodontal health. Additionally, the influences of nutritional supplements and dietary components have been known to affect healing after periodontal surgery. Studies have attempted to find a correlation between tooth loss, periodontal health, and nutrition. Moreover, bone formation and periodontal regeneration are also affected by numerous vitamins, minerals, and trace elements. The aim of this review is to critically appraise the currently available data on diet and maintenance of periodontal health and periodontal healing. The effects of nutritional intervention studies to improve the quality of life and well-being of patients with periodontal disease have been discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: periodontium; periodontal health; micronutrients; wound healing; periodontal regeneration periodontium; periodontal health; micronutrients; wound healing; periodontal regeneration
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Najeeb, S.; Zafar, M.S.; Khurshid, Z.; Zohaib, S.; Almas, K. The Role of Nutrition in Periodontal Health: An Update. Nutrients 2016, 8, 530.

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