Next Article in Journal
The Effectiveness of Different Diet Strategies to Reduce Type 2 Diabetes Risk in Youth
Previous Article in Journal
Maternal Methyl-Group Donor Intake and Global DNA (Hydroxy)Methylation before and during Pregnancy
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2016, 8(8), 484; doi:10.3390/nu8080484

Sex-Specific Sociodemographic Correlates of Dietary Patterns in a Large Sample of French Elderly Individuals

1
Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Statistiques COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité, UMR Université Paris 13/Inserm U1153/Inra U1125/Cnam, Bobigny 93017, France
2
Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l’Alimentation, CNRS, Inra U1324, Université de Bourgogne, Dijon 21000, France
3
Département de Santé Publique, Hôpital Avicenne, Bobigny 93017, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 May 2016 / Revised: 26 July 2016 / Accepted: 1 August 2016 / Published: 8 August 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [480 KB, uploaded 8 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

This cross-sectional analysis provides up-to-date information about dietary patterns (DP) and their sociodemographic correlates in European elderly individuals. We studied 6686 enrollees aged 65+ (55% women) in the ongoing French population-based NutriNet-Santé e-cohort. Diet was assessed via three 24 h records. The sex-specific correlates of factor analysis derived DP were identified with multivariable linear regression. Using 22 pre-defined food groups, three DP were extracted. The “healthy” DP (fruit, vegetables, grains, nuts, fish) was positively associated with education, living alone, and being a former smoker (women), and negatively associated with being overweight, current smoker (men), age 75+ years, having hypertension, and obesity (women). The “western” DP (meat, appetizers, cheese, alcohol) was positively associated with BMI (men) and being a former/current smoker; it was negatively associated with age 75+ years (women) and living alone. The “traditional” DP (bread, potatoes, milk, vegetables, butter, stock) was positively associated with age and negatively associated with being a former/current smoker, education (men), and residing in an urban/semi-urban area. The findings support the diversity of DP among the elderly, highlighting sex-specific differences. The “healthy” DP explained the largest amount of variance in intake. Future studies could replicate the models in longitudinal and international contexts. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary patterns; elderly; sociodemographic factors; general population dietary patterns; elderly; sociodemographic factors; general population
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Andreeva, V.A.; Allès, B.; Feron, G.; Gonzalez, R.; Sulmont-Rossé, C.; Galan, P.; Hercberg, S.; Méjean, C. Sex-Specific Sociodemographic Correlates of Dietary Patterns in a Large Sample of French Elderly Individuals. Nutrients 2016, 8, 484.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top