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Nutrients 2016, 8(7), 442; doi:10.3390/nu8070442

Nutritional Deficiency in Patients with Heart Failure

Cardiology, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Radiological Sciences and Public Health, University of Brescia, Piazzale Spedali Civili 1, Brescia 25123, Italy
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Received: 26 March 2016 / Revised: 13 July 2016 / Accepted: 15 July 2016 / Published: 22 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition for Older People)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [252 KB, uploaded 26 July 2016]

Abstract

Heart failure (HF) is the main cause of mortality and morbidity in Western countries. Although evidence-based treatments have substantially improved outcomes, prognosis remains poor with high costs for health care systems. In patients with HF, poor dietary behaviors are associated with unsatisfactory quality of life and adverse outcome. The HF guidelines have not recommended a specific nutritional strategy. Despite the role of micronutrient deficiency it has been extensively studied, data about the efficacy of supplementation therapy in HF are not supported by large randomized trials and there is limited evidence regarding the outcomes. The aim of the present review is to analyze the state-of-the-art of nutritional deficiencies in HF, focusing on the physiological role and the prognostic impact of micronutrient supplementation. View Full-Text
Keywords: heart failure; nutritional deficiency; metabolism; iron; amino acids; coenzyme Q10; cardiac cachexia heart failure; nutritional deficiency; metabolism; iron; amino acids; coenzyme Q10; cardiac cachexia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sciatti, E.; Lombardi, C.; Ravera, A.; Vizzardi, E.; Bonadei, I.; Carubelli, V.; Gorga, E.; Metra, M. Nutritional Deficiency in Patients with Heart Failure. Nutrients 2016, 8, 442.

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