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Nutrients 2016, 8(6), 371; doi:10.3390/nu8060371

The Tanita SC-240 to Assess Body Composition in Pre-School Children: An Evaluation against the Three Component Model

1
Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, 141 83 Huddinge, Sweden
2
PROmoting FITness and Health through Physical Activity Research Group (PROFITH), 18071 Granada, Spain
3
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Science, Linkoping University, 581 83 Linköping, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 April 2016 / Revised: 19 May 2016 / Accepted: 7 June 2016 / Published: 16 June 2016
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Abstract

Quick, easy-to-use, and valid body composition measurement options for young children are needed. Therefore, we evaluated the ability of the bioelectrical impedance (BIA) device, Tanita SC-240, to measure fat mass (FM), fat free mass (FFM) and body fatness (BF%) in 40 healthy, Swedish 5.5 years old children against the three component model (3C model). Average BF%, FM, and FFM for BIA were: 19.4% ± 3.9%, 4.1 ± 1.9 kg, and 16.4 ± 2.4 kg and were all significantly different (p < 0.001) from corresponding values for the 3C model (25.1% ± 5.5%, 5.3 ± 2.5 kg, and 15.2 ± 2.0 kg). Bland and Altman plots had wide limits of agreement for all body composition variables. Significant correlations ranging from 0.81 to 0.96 (p < 0.001) were found for BF%, FM, and FFM between BIA and the 3C model. When dividing the children into tertiles for BF%, 60% of children were classified correctly by means of BIA. In conclusion, the Tanita SC-240 underestimated BF% in comparison to the 3C model and had wide limits of agreement. Further work is needed in order to find accurate and easy-to-use methods for assessing body composition in pre-school children. View Full-Text
Keywords: Tanita SC-240; bioelectrical impedance; three component model; pre-school Tanita SC-240; bioelectrical impedance; three component model; pre-school
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Delisle Nyström, C.; Henriksson, P.; Alexandrou, C.; Löf, M. The Tanita SC-240 to Assess Body Composition in Pre-School Children: An Evaluation against the Three Component Model. Nutrients 2016, 8, 371.

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