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Nutrients 2016, 8(4), 218; doi:10.3390/nu8040218

Nutritional Genomics and the Mediterranean Diet’s Effects on Human Cardiovascular Health

1
Cardiovascular Risk and Nutrition Research Group (CARIN), CIBER de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBEROBN), Institut Hospital del Mar d’Investigació Mèdica (IMIM), Dr. Aiguader, 88, Barcelona 08003, Spain
2
MEDOLIALI S.L. (DNANUTRICOACH®), Calle Diputación, 279, 1, 7, Barcelona 08007, Spain
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 October 2015 / Revised: 30 March 2016 / Accepted: 7 April 2016 / Published: 13 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Pattern and Health)
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Abstract

The synergies and cumulative effects among different foods and nutrients are what produce the benefits of a healthy dietary pattern. Diets and dietary patterns are a major environmental factor that we are exposed to several times a day. People can learn how to control this behavior in order to promote healthy living and aging, and to prevent diet-related diseases. To date, the traditional Mediterranean diet has been the only well-studied pattern. Stroke incidence, a number of classical risk factors including lipid profile and glycaemia, emergent risk factors such as the length of telomeres, and emotional eating behavior can be affected by genetic predisposition. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet could exert beneficial effects on these risk factors. Our individual genetic make-up should be taken into account to better prevent these traits and their subsequent consequences in cardiovascular disease development. In the present work, we review the results of nutritional genomics explaining the role of the Mediterranean diet in human cardiovascular disease. A multidisciplinary approach is necessary to extract knowledge from large-scale data. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrigenetics; dietary pattern; prevention nutrigenetics; dietary pattern; prevention
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Fitó, M.; Konstantinidou, V. Nutritional Genomics and the Mediterranean Diet’s Effects on Human Cardiovascular Health. Nutrients 2016, 8, 218.

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