Next Article in Journal
Exercise and Beta-Glucan Consumption (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) Improve the Metabolic Profile and Reduce the Atherogenic Index in Type 2 Diabetic Rats (HFD/STZ)
Next Article in Special Issue
Effect of Human Milk Appetite Hormones, Macronutrients, and Infant Characteristics on Gastric Emptying and Breastfeeding Patterns of Term Fully Breastfed Infants
Previous Article in Journal
Catch-Up Growth in Former Preterm Neonates: No Time to Waste
Previous Article in Special Issue
Compliance with WHO IYCF Indicators and Dietary Intake Adequacy in a Sample of Malaysian Infants Aged 6–23 Months
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2016, 8(12), 820; doi:10.3390/nu8120820

Implementation of a Nutrition Program Reduced Post-Discharge Growth Restriction in Thai Very Low Birth Weight Preterm Infants

Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
College of Medicine, Rangsit University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
Institute of Nutrition Sciences, Kagawa Nutrition University, Saitama Prefecture 350-0288, Japan
Nursing Department, Buddhasothorn Hospital, Chachoengsao 24000, Thailand
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 September 2016 / Revised: 2 December 2016 / Accepted: 8 December 2016 / Published: 17 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrients in Infancy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [827 KB, uploaded 17 December 2016]   |  


Very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants are vulnerable to growth restriction after discharge due to cumulative protein and energy deficits during their hospital stay and early post-discharge period. The current study evaluated the effectiveness of the preterm infant, post-discharge nutrition (PIN) program to reduce post-discharge growth restriction in Thai VLBW preterm infants. A prospective, non-randomized interventional cohort study was undertaken to assess the growth of 22 VLBW preterm infants who received the PIN program and compared them with 22 VLBW preterm infants who received conventional nutrition services. Infant’s growth was recorded monthly until the infants reached six months’ corrected age (6-moCA). Intervention infants had significantly greater body weights (p = 0.013) and head circumferences (p = 0.009). Also, a greater proportion of the intervention group recovered their weight to the standard weight at 4-moCA (p = 0.027) and at 6-moCA (p = 0.007) and their head circumference to the standard head circumference at 6-moCA (p = 0.004) compared to their historical comparison counterparts. Enlistment in the PIN program thus resulted in significantly reduced post-discharge growth restriction in VLBW preterm infants. Further research on longer term effects of the program on infant’s growth and development is warranted. View Full-Text
Keywords: very low birth weight preterm infant; growth restriction; post-discharge; nutrition program very low birth weight preterm infant; growth restriction; post-discharge; nutrition program

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Japakasetr, S.; Sirikulchayanonta, C.; Suthutvoravut, U.; Chindavijak, B.; Kagawa, M.; Nokdee, S. Implementation of a Nutrition Program Reduced Post-Discharge Growth Restriction in Thai Very Low Birth Weight Preterm Infants. Nutrients 2016, 8, 820.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top