Next Article in Journal
Seasonal Epidemiology of Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations among Healthy Adults Living in Rural and Urban Areas in Mongolia
Previous Article in Journal
Using Two Different Approaches to Assess Dietary Patterns: Hypothesis-Driven and Data-Driven Analysis
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2016, 8(10), 591; doi:10.3390/nu8100591

Can Parenting Practices Explain the Differences in Beverage Intake According to Socio-Economic Status: The Toybox-Study

1
Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent 9000, Belgium
2
Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent 9000, Belgium
3
Department of Human Biometry and Biomechanics, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels 1000, Belgium
4
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science and Education, Harokopio University, Athens 17671, Greece
5
Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Dr. von Hauner Children’s Hospital, München 80337, Germany
6
GENUD Research Group, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza 50009, Spain
7
The Children’s Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw 04-730, Poland
8
Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of Varna, Varna 9002, Bulgaria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 July 2016 / Revised: 25 August 2016 / Accepted: 19 September 2016 / Published: 23 September 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [707 KB, uploaded 23 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Previous research indicated that preschoolers of lower socioeconomic status (SES) consume less healthy beverages than high SES preschoolers. The purpose of this study is to investigate the mediating role of parenting practices in the relationship between SES and plain water, soft drink and prepacked fruit juice (FJ) consumption in European preschoolers. Parents/caregivers of 3.5 to 5.5 years old (n = 6776) recruited through kindergartens in six European countries within the ToyBox-study completed questionnaires on socio-demographics, parenting practices and a food frequency questionnaire. Availability of sugared beverages and plain water, permissiveness towards sugared beverages and lack of self-efficacy showed a mediating effect on SES-differences in all three beverages. Rewarding with sugared beverages significantly mediated SES-differences for both plain water and prepacked FJ. Encouragement to drink plain water and awareness significantly mediated SES-differences for, respectively, plain water and prepacked FJ consumption. Avoiding negative modelling did not mediate any associations. Overall, lower SES preschoolers were more likely to be confronted with lower levels of favourable and higher levels of unfavourable parenting practices, which may lead to higher sugared beverage and lower plain water consumption. The current study highlights the importance of parenting practices in explaining the relation between SES and both healthy and unhealthy beverage consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: socio-economic status inequalities; beverage choices; educational level; preschoolers; parents; water; soft drinks; prepacked fruit juice; parenting practices socio-economic status inequalities; beverage choices; educational level; preschoolers; parents; water; soft drinks; prepacked fruit juice; parenting practices
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Pinket, A.-S.; De Craemer, M.; De Bourdeaudhuij, I.; Deforche, B.; Cardon, G.; Androutsos, O.; Koletzko, B.; Moreno, L.A.; Socha, P.; Iotova, V.; Manios, Y.; Van Lippevelde, W. Can Parenting Practices Explain the Differences in Beverage Intake According to Socio-Economic Status: The Toybox-Study. Nutrients 2016, 8, 591.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top