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Nutrients 2015, 7(8), 6550-6566; doi:10.3390/nu7085298

Correlates of University Students’ Soft and Energy Drink Consumption According to Gender and Residency

1
Department of Human Biometry and Biomechanics, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, Brussels 1050, Belgium
2
Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Watersportlaan 2, Ghent 9000, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 June 2015 / Revised: 26 July 2015 / Accepted: 31 July 2015 / Published: 6 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Choice and Nutrition: A Social Psychological Perspective)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [163 KB, uploaded 6 August 2015]

Abstract

This study assessed personal and environmental correlates of Belgian university students’ soft and energy drink consumption and investigated whether these associations were moderated by gender or residency. Four hundred twenty-five university students completed a self-reported on-line questionnaire assessing socio-demographics, health status, soft and energy drink consumption, as well as personal and environmental factors related to soft and energy drink consumption. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted. Students believing soft drink intake should be minimized (individual subjective norm), finding it less difficult to avoid soft drinks (perceived behavioral control), being convinced they could avoid soft drinks in different situations (self-efficacy), having family and friends who rarely consume soft drinks (modelling), and having stricter family rules about soft drink intake were less likely to consume soft drinks. Students showing stronger behavioral control, having stricter family rules about energy drink intake, and reporting lower energy drink availability were less likely to consume energy drinks. Gender and residency moderated several associations between psychosocial constructs and consumption. Future research should investigate whether interventions focusing on the above personal and environmental correlates can indeed improve university students’ beverage choices. View Full-Text
Keywords: determinants; sugar sweetened beverages; soda; caffeinated beverages; moderators; college determinants; sugar sweetened beverages; soda; caffeinated beverages; moderators; college
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Deliens, T.; Clarys, P.; De Bourdeaudhuij, I.; Deforche, B. Correlates of University Students’ Soft and Energy Drink Consumption According to Gender and Residency. Nutrients 2015, 7, 6550-6566.

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