Next Article in Journal
Laboratory Determined Sugar Content and Composition of Commercial Infant Formulas, Baby Foods and Common Grocery Items Targeted to Children
Next Article in Special Issue
The Relationship between Dietary Patterns and Metabolic Health in a Representative Sample of Adult Australians
Previous Article in Journal
Urinary Sugars—A Biomarker of Total Sugars Intake
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Dietary Pattern Derived by Reduced Rank Regression is Associated with Type 2 Diabetes in An Urban Ghanaian Population
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2015, 7(7), 5834-5849; doi:10.3390/nu7075253

Major Dietary Patterns in Relation to General and Central Obesity among Chinese Adults

1
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Center, 38 Xueyuan Road, Beijing 100191, China
2
Discipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, SAHMRI, North Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia 5000, Australia
3
Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit (CTSU), Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Old Road Campus, Oxford OX3-7LF, UK
4
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
5
Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA
6
Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Fuwai Hospital Xishan Branch Court, Western Feng Cun, Mentougou, Beijing 102308, China
7
Henan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 105 Nongye East Road, Zhengzhou 450016, China
8
Sichuan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 6 Zhongxue Road, Chengdu 610041, China
9
Department of Non-communicable Diseases, Liuzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 1-1 Tanzhong West Road, Liuzhou 545007, China
10
Department of Non-communicable Diseases, Nangang Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 225 Wenchang Street, Haerbin 150040, China
11
Department of Non-communicable Diseases, Tongxiang Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 64 Maodun East, Wutong Town, Tongxiang 314500, China
12
China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, 37 Guangqu Road, Beijing 100738, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 May 2015 / Revised: 1 July 2015 / Accepted: 8 July 2015 / Published: 15 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Pattern and Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [223 KB, uploaded 15 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

Limited evidence exists for the association between diet pattern and obesity phenotypes among Chinese adults. In the present study, we analyzed the cross-sectional data from 474,192 adults aged 30–79 years from the China Kadoorie Biobank baseline survey. Food consumption was collected by an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Three dietary patterns were extracted by factor analysis combined with cluster analysis. After being adjusted for potential confounders, individuals following a traditional southern dietary pattern had the lowest body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC); the Western/new affluence dietary pattern had the highest BMI; and the traditional northern dietary pattern had the highest WC. Compared to the traditional southern dietary pattern in multivariable adjusted logistic models, individuals following a Western/new affluence dietary pattern had a significantly increased risk of general obesity (prevalence ratio (PR): 1.06, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03–1.08) and central obesity (PR: 1.07, 95% CI: 1.06–1.08). The corresponding risks for the traditional northern dietary pattern were 1.05 (1.02–1.09) and 1.17 (1.25–1.18), respectively. In addition, the associations were modified by lifestyle behaviors, and the combined effects with alcohol drinking, tobacco smoking, and physical activity were analyzed. Further prospective studies are needed to elucidate the diet-obesity relationships. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary pattern; general obesity; central obesity; body mass index; waist circumference; cross-sectional study dietary pattern; general obesity; central obesity; body mass index; waist circumference; cross-sectional study
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, C.; Shi, Z.; Lv, J.; Du, H.; Qi, L.; Guo, Y.; Bian, Z.; Chang, L.; Tang, X.; Jiang, Q.; Mu, H.; Pan, D.; Chen, J.; Chen, Z.; Li, L. Major Dietary Patterns in Relation to General and Central Obesity among Chinese Adults. Nutrients 2015, 7, 5834-5849.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top