NF-κBp65 and Expression of Its Pro-Inflammatory Target Genes Are Upregulated in the Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue of Cachectic Cancer Patients
AbstractCancer cachexia, of which the most notable symptom is severe and rapid weight loss, is present in the majority of patients with advanced cancer. Inflammatory mediators play an important role in the development of cachexia, envisaged as a chronic inflammatory syndrome. The white adipose tissue (WAT) is one of the first compartments affected in cancer cachexia and suffers a high rate of lipolysis. It secretes several cytokines capable of directly regulating intermediate metabolism. A common pathway in the regulation of the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in WAT is the activation of the nuclear transcription factor kappa-B (NF-κB). We have examined the gene expression of the subunits NF-κBp65 and NF-κBp50, as well as NF-κBp65 and NF-κBp50 binding, the gene expression of pro-inflammatory mediators under NF-κB control (IL-1β, IL-6, INF-γ, TNF-α, MCP-1), and its inhibitory protein, nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells inhibitor, alpha (IκB-α). The observational study involved 35 patients (control group, n = 12 and cancer group, n = 23, further divided into cachectic and non-cachectic). NF-κBp65 and its target genes expression (TNF-α, IL-1β, MCP-1 and IκB-α) were significantly higher in cachectic cancer patients. Moreover, NF-κBp65 gene expression correlated positively with the expression of its target genes. The results strongly suggest that the NF-κB pathway plays a role in the promotion of WAT inflammation during cachexia. View Full-Text
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Camargo, R.G.; Riccardi, D.M.R.; Ribeiro, H.Q.T.; Carnevali, L.C., Jr.; de Matos-Neto, E.M.; Enjiu, L.; Neves, R.X.; Lima, J.D.C.C.; Figuerêdo, R.G.; de Alcântara, P.S.M.; Maximiano, L.; Otoch, J.; Batista, M.L., Jr.; Püschel, G.; Seelaender, M. NF-κBp65 and Expression of Its Pro-Inflammatory Target Genes Are Upregulated in the Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue of Cachectic Cancer Patients. Nutrients 2015, 7, 4465-4479.
Camargo RG, Riccardi DMR, Ribeiro HQT, Carnevali LC, Jr, de Matos-Neto EM, Enjiu L, Neves RX, Lima JDCC, Figuerêdo RG, de Alcântara PSM, Maximiano L, Otoch J, Batista ML, Jr, Püschel G, Seelaender M. NF-κBp65 and Expression of Its Pro-Inflammatory Target Genes Are Upregulated in the Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue of Cachectic Cancer Patients. Nutrients. 2015; 7(6):4465-4479.Chicago/Turabian Style
Camargo, Rodolfo G.; Riccardi, Daniela M.R.; Ribeiro, Henrique Q.T.; Carnevali, Luiz C., Jr.; de Matos-Neto, Emidio M.; Enjiu, Lucas; Neves, Rodrigo X.; Lima, Joanna D.C.C.; Figuerêdo, Raquel G.; de Alcântara, Paulo S.M.; Maximiano, Linda; Otoch, José; Batista, Miguel L., Jr.; Püschel, Gerhard; Seelaender, Marilia. 2015. "NF-κBp65 and Expression of Its Pro-Inflammatory Target Genes Are Upregulated in the Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue of Cachectic Cancer Patients." Nutrients 7, no. 6: 4465-4479.