Next Article in Journal
Selenium Cycling Across Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Interfaces: A Critical Review
Previous Article in Journal
Vitamin D Every Day to Keep the Infection Away?
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2015, 7(6), 4189-4198; doi:10.3390/nu7064189

Iodized Salt in Cambodia: Trends from 2008 to 2014

1
UNICEF, Maternal Child Health and Nutrition Programme, no. 11 St. 75, 12000 Phnom Penh, Cambodia
2
National Sub-Committee for Food Fortification, Ministry of Planning, 386 Monivong Blvd., 12000 Phnom Penh, Cambodia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 January 2015 / Revised: 19 May 2015 / Accepted: 21 May 2015 / Published: 29 May 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [388 KB, uploaded 29 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

Though the consequences of nutritional iodine deficiency have been known for a long time, in Cambodia its elimination has only become a priority in the last 18 years. The Royal Government of Cambodia initiated the National Sub-Committee for Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders in 1996 to fight this problem. Using three different surveys providing information across all provinces, we examined the compliance of salt iodization in Cambodia over the last 6 years. Salt samples from the 24 provinces were collect at the household level in 2008 (n = 566) and 2011 (n = 1275) and at the market level in 2014 (n = 1862) and analysed through a wavelength spectrophotometer for iodine content. According to the samples collected, the median iodine content significantly dropped from 22 mg/kg (25th/75th percentile: 2/37 mg/kg) in 2011 to 0 mg/kg in 2014 (25th/75th percentile: 0/8.9 mg/kg) (p < 0.001). The proportion of non-iodized salt within our collected salt drastically increased from 22% in 2011 to 62% in 2014 (p < 0.001). Since the international organizations ceased to support the procurement of iodine, the prevalence of salt compliant with the Cambodian declined within our samples. To date, the current levels of iodine added to tested salt are unsatisfactory as 92% of those salts do not meet the government requirements (99.6% of the coarse salt and 82.4% of the fine salt). This inappropriate iodization could illustrate the lack of periodic monitoring and enforcement from government entities. Therefore, government quality inspection should be reinforced to reduce the quantity of salt not meeting the national requirement. View Full-Text
Keywords: salt; iodization; Cambodia; trends salt; iodization; Cambodia; trends
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Laillou, A.; Mam, B.; Oeurn, S.; Chea, C. Iodized Salt in Cambodia: Trends from 2008 to 2014. Nutrients 2015, 7, 4189-4198.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top