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Nutrients 2015, 7(4), 2440-2455; doi:10.3390/nu7042440

Hepatoprotective Effect of Herb Formula KIOM2012H against Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

KM-Based Herbal Drug Development Group, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Yuseong-daero 1672, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-811, Korea
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Received: 15 January 2015 / Revised: 13 March 2015 / Accepted: 25 March 2015 / Published: 2 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition in Medicine)
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Abstract

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a hepatic ailment with a rapidly increasing incidence due to dietary hypernutrition and subsequent obesity. Fatty liver disease can lead to steatohepatitis, fibrosis, cirrhosis, and even cancer, which is associated with various complications. Discovering effective natural materials and herbs can provide alternative and complementary medical treatments to current chemical pharmaceuticals. To develop an effective natural agent for NAFLD, we formulated a combination of four herb mixtures (KIOM2012H) and observed lipid-lowering efficacy. The inhibitory effects of KIOM2012H on free fatty acid-induced lipid accumulation, triglyceride contents, and gene expressions were analyzed in HepG2 cells. Using high fat diet-fed mice, body weight changes, gross liver appearances, hepatic triglyceride contents, and gene expressions were evaluated. KIOM2012H dose-dependently inhibited lipid accumulation and gene expressions involved in lipogenesis and related regulators. Experimental animals also showed a decrease in body weight changes and lipid-associated physiological parameters. This study shows that KIOM2012H has an alleviating effect on fatty acid and lipid accumulation, and therefore can be applied for development of new therapeutic pharmaceuticals for treatment of NAFLD using natural products and herbs. View Full-Text
Keywords: nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; fatty acid; lipid; herbal medicine nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; fatty acid; lipid; herbal medicine
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Park, H.; Hwang, Y.-H.; Kim, D.-G.; Jeon, J.; Ma, J.Y. Hepatoprotective Effect of Herb Formula KIOM2012H against Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Nutrients 2015, 7, 2440-2455.

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