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Nutrients 2015, 7(2), 905-921; doi:10.3390/nu7020905

Effect of Curcumin Supplementation on Physiological Fatigue and Physical Performance in Mice

1
Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan 33301, Taiwan
2
School of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan
3
National Laboratory Animal Center, National Applied Research Laboratories, Taipei 11529, Taiwan
4
Department of Tourism and Leisure Management, Vanung University, Chung-Li 32061, Taiwan
5
Department of Pharmacy, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung 83301, Taiwan
6
Department of Neurosurgery, Taipei Medical University—WanFang Hospital, Taipei 11696, Taiwan
7
Department of Pharmacy & Graduate Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology, Tajen University, Pingtung 90741, Taiwan
8
Graduate Institute of Sports Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan 33301, Taiwan
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 November 2014 / Revised: 15 January 2015 / Accepted: 26 January 2015 / Published: 30 January 2015
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Abstract

Curcumin (CCM) is a well-known phytocompound and food component found in the spice turmeric and has multifunctional bioactivities. However, few studies have examined its effects on exercise performance and physical fatigue. We aimed to evaluate the potential beneficial effects of CCM supplementation on fatigue and ergogenic function following physical challenge in mice. Male ICR mice were divided into four groups to receive vehicle or CCM (180 μg/mL) by oral gavage at 0, 12.3, 24.6, or 61.5 mL/kg/day for four weeks. Exercise performance and anti-fatigue function were evaluated after physical challenge by forelimb grip strength, exhaustive swimming time, and levels of physical fatigue-associated biomarkers serum lactate, ammonia, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and glucose and tissue damage markers such as aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), and creatine kinase (CK). CCM supplementation dose-dependently increased grip strength and endurance performance and significantly decreased lactate, ammonia, BUN, AST, ALT, and CK levels after physical challenge. Muscular glycogen content, an important energy source for exercise, was significantly increased. CCM supplementation had few subchronic toxic effects. CCM supplementation may have a wide spectrum of bioactivities for promoting health, improving exercise performance and preventing fatigue. View Full-Text
Keywords: anti-fatigue; lactate; ammonia; creatine kinase; blood urea nitrogen; forelimb grip strength; endurance anti-fatigue; lactate; ammonia; creatine kinase; blood urea nitrogen; forelimb grip strength; endurance
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, W.-C.; Chiu, W.-C.; Chuang, H.-L.; Tang, D.-W.; Lee, Z.-M.; Wei, L.; Chen, F.-A.; Huang, C.-C. Effect of Curcumin Supplementation on Physiological Fatigue and Physical Performance in Mice. Nutrients 2015, 7, 905-921.

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