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Nutrients 2014, 6(8), 3169-3186; doi:10.3390/nu6083169

Nutrient Intake in Italian Infants and Toddlers from North and South Italy: The Nutrintake 636 Study

1
Department of Pediatrics, Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milano, Via G.B. Grassi 74, 20157 Milano, Italy
2
Azienda Sanitaria Locale, Corso Italia 19, 20122 Milano, Italy
3
Ospedale San Carlo, Via Ospedale 21, 20037 Paderno Dugnano, Italy
4
Italian Association of Dietitians, Vicolo S. Silvestro 6, 37122 Verona, Italy
5
Human Nutrition Unit, Department of Experimental Medicine, La Sapienza University, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161 Roma, Italy
6
Nutrition and Consumers Information Office, Directorate of Hygiene, Food Safety and Nutrition, Ministry of Health, Viale G. Ribotta 5, 00144 Roma, Italy
7
Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health (DISCCO) and Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda-Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milano, Via Commenda 9, 20122 Milano, Italy
8
Liver Research Center, AREA Science Park, Strada Statale 14 - km 163.5, 34012 Basovizza, Italy
9
International Center for the Assessment of Nutritional Status (ICANS), University of Milano, Via Botticelli 21, 20133 Milano, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 May 2014 / Revised: 28 July 2014 / Accepted: 31 July 2014 / Published: 8 August 2014
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Abstract

We performed a cross-sectional study to compare the intake of energy, macronutrients, fiber, sodium and iron and the anthropometric status of infants and toddlers living in North (Milano) and South Italy (Catania). Nutrient intake was evaluated using a 7-day weighed food record. Out of 400 planned children aged 6 to 36 months, 390 (98%) were recruited, 189 in Milano and 201 in Catania. The mean (standard deviation) age was 17 (9) months in Milano and 17 (10) months in Catania. Anthropometry, energy intake and macronutrient intake were similar in Milano and Catania. However, iron intake was 27% lower and fiber intake 16% higher in Milano than in Catania. Despite normal anthropometry and energy intake, in the pooled sample there was a high intake of proteins, simple carbohydrates, saturated fats and sodium, and a low intake of iron and fiber compared to Italian reference values. This is the first study to report the macro- and micro-nutrient intake of children aged <12 months using the 7-day weighed food record and one of the very few studies that have employed such reference method in children from the general population. View Full-Text
Keywords: epidemiology; cross-sectional study; anthropometry; food intake; weighed food dietary record; infants; toddlers epidemiology; cross-sectional study; anthropometry; food intake; weighed food dietary record; infants; toddlers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zuccotti, G.V.; Cassatella, C.; Morelli, A.; Cucugliato, M.C.; Catinello, G.; del Balzo, V.; Guidarelli, L.; Agostoni, C.; Mameli, C.; Troiano, E.; Bedogni, G. Nutrient Intake in Italian Infants and Toddlers from North and South Italy: The Nutrintake 636 Study. Nutrients 2014, 6, 3169-3186.

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