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Nutrients 2014, 6(2), 844-880; doi:10.3390/nu6020844
Review

Cocoa Polyphenols and Inflammatory Markers of Cardiovascular Disease

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Received: 29 November 2013; in revised form: 30 December 2013 / Accepted: 6 February 2014 / Published: 21 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chocolate and Cocoa in Human Health)
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Abstract: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated the beneficial effect of plant-derived food intake in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The potential bioactivity of cocoa and its polyphenolic components in modulating cardiovascular health is now being studied worldwide and continues to grow at a rapid pace. In fact, the high polyphenol content of cocoa is of particular interest from the nutritional and pharmacological viewpoints. Cocoa polyphenols are shown to possess a range of cardiovascular-protective properties, and can play a meaningful role through modulating different inflammatory markers involved in atherosclerosis. Accumulated evidence on related anti-inflammatory effects of cocoa polyphenols is summarized in the present review.
Keywords: cocoa polyphenols; bioavailability; inflammation; CVD cocoa polyphenols; bioavailability; inflammation; CVD
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Khan, N.; Khymenets, O.; Urpí-Sardà, M.; Tulipani, S.; Garcia-Aloy, M.; Monagas, M.; Mora-Cubillos, X.; Llorach, R.; Andres-Lacueva, C. Cocoa Polyphenols and Inflammatory Markers of Cardiovascular Disease. Nutrients 2014, 6, 844-880.

AMA Style

Khan N, Khymenets O, Urpí-Sardà M, Tulipani S, Garcia-Aloy M, Monagas M, Mora-Cubillos X, Llorach R, Andres-Lacueva C. Cocoa Polyphenols and Inflammatory Markers of Cardiovascular Disease. Nutrients. 2014; 6(2):844-880.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khan, Nasiruddin; Khymenets, Olha; Urpí-Sardà, Mireia; Tulipani, Sara; Garcia-Aloy, Mar; Monagas, María; Mora-Cubillos, Ximena; Llorach, Rafael; Andres-Lacueva, Cristina. 2014. "Cocoa Polyphenols and Inflammatory Markers of Cardiovascular Disease." Nutrients 6, no. 2: 844-880.


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