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Iodine and Mental Development of Children 5 Years Old and Under: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Nutrients 2014, 6(1), 382-390; doi:10.3390/nu6010382
Review

Iodine Supplementation in the Newborn

* ,
 and
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Neonatal Intensive Care and Neonatology Unit, via Roma 55, Pisa 56126, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 October 2013 / Revised: 29 November 2013 / Accepted: 20 December 2013 / Published: 20 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Iodine Supplementation)
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Abstract

Iodine deficiency can be defined as the world’s greatest single cause of preventable brain damage. Fetal and neonatal hypothyroidism, caused by iodine deficiency can be prevented prior to conception and then during pregnancy and lactation when an adequate iodine supplementation is ensured. Extremely low birth weight preterm babies risk having a negative iodine balance status in the first weeks of life, exacerbating the hypothyroxinaemia of the prematurity. It is important to ensure that these babies are provided with an adequate iodine intake from the first days of life. Mothers and newborns should avoid environmental iodine excess during pregnancy or lactation.
Keywords: iodine deficiency; iodine supplementation; thyroid function; newborn iodine deficiency; iodine supplementation; thyroid function; newborn
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ghirri, P.; Lunardi, S.; Boldrini, A. Iodine Supplementation in the Newborn. Nutrients 2014, 6, 382-390.

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