Next Article in Journal
Selenium and Prostate Cancer Prevention: Insights from the Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT)
Next Article in Special Issue
The Use of Probiotic Strains in Caries Prevention: A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Journal
Expanding Awareness of Docosahexaenoic Acid during Pregnancy
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2013, 5(4), 1110-1121; doi:10.3390/nu5041110

Use of Dietary Supplements in Patients Seeking Treatment at a Periodontal Clinic

1
Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, L2S 3A1, Canada
2
Reconstructive Periodontics and Implant Surgery Clinic, Fonthill, Ontario, L0S 1E5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 February 2013 / Revised: 7 March 2013 / Accepted: 20 March 2013 / Published: 2 April 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Oral Medicine)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [437 KB, uploaded 2 April 2013]

Abstract

Dietary supplement use may modify the risk of periodontal disease but effects on wound healing after periodontal procedures are less clear. This study characterized dietary supplement use by male and female patients (n = 376) attending a periodontal clinic—information that is essential for evidence-based intervention studies that may improve patient outcomes after periodontal procedures. Calcium, vitamin D, multivitamin and vitamin C were most commonly used. A greater (p ≤ 0.05) number of males took no supplements compared to females, and more (p ≤ 0.05) females than males took ≥ four supplements. Females took more (p ≤ 0.05) calcium, vitamin D, fish oil, green tea, magnesium, omega 3,6,9 and B vitamin complex. Younger patients (31–50 years) had the highest (p ≤ 0.05) frequency of no supplement use compared to older age groups. Patients over age 50 had a higher (p ≤ 0.05) frequency of using ≥ four supplements including calcium and vitamin D. Supplement use was lower (p ≤ 0.05) in smokers, particularly for calcium, fish oil, green tea and vitamin D. In conclusion, females, older individuals and non-smokers have higher supplement use. Future dietary intervention studies can focus on supplements with known biological activities—anti-inflammatory, antioxidant or osteogenic activity—that may enhance wound healing after reconstructive periodontal procedures.
Keywords: dietary supplements; periodontal disease; supplement use; wound healing dietary supplements; periodontal disease; supplement use; wound healing
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Johnston, B.D.; Fritz, P.C.; Ward, W.E. Use of Dietary Supplements in Patients Seeking Treatment at a Periodontal Clinic. Nutrients 2013, 5, 1110-1121.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top