Abstract: The effects of habitual dairy consumption and the risk of 15-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in a cohort of older Australians were investigated. Participants (n = 2900) completed a validated 145-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to investigate associations between tertiles of the dairy consumption, including low/reduced fat dairy, whole fat dairy and their ratio (ratioLF/WF), and risk of mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke or combined CVD. There were 548 recorded cases of CVD mortality in this cohort. For total dairy intake, a reduction in risk of CVD was only seen in tertile 2 (adjusted hazard ratio, AHR: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.55–0.93), and for CHD both tertile 2 and tertile 3 were associated with a reduced risk (both with AHR: 0.71). However there were no linear trends between total dairy consumption and any of the three outcomes. There were no associations or trends between low/reduced fat dairy or whole fat dairy consumption, or ratioLF/WF and any of the three outcomes in the fully adjusted model (all p > 0.05). This study found no consistent association between baseline consumption of dairy foods and the risk of CHD, stroke and combined CVD mortality.
Keywords: dairy; cardiovascular disease; older Australian; Blue Mountains Eye Study; population
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Louie, J.C.Y.; Flood, V.M.; Burlutsky, G.; Rangan, A.M.; Gill, T.P.; Mitchell, P. Dairy Consumption and the Risk of 15-Year Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in a Cohort of Older Australians. Nutrients 2013, 5, 441-454.
Louie JCY, Flood VM, Burlutsky G, Rangan AM, Gill TP, Mitchell P. Dairy Consumption and the Risk of 15-Year Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in a Cohort of Older Australians. Nutrients. 2013; 5(2):441-454.
Louie, Jimmy C.Y.; Flood, Victoria M.; Burlutsky, George; Rangan, Anna M.; Gill, Timothy P.; Mitchell, Paul. 2013. "Dairy Consumption and the Risk of 15-Year Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in a Cohort of Older Australians." Nutrients 5, no. 2: 441-454.