Nutrients 2012, 4(8), 935-948; doi:10.3390/nu4080935

Dietary Patterns of Infants and Toddlers Are Associated with Nutrient Intakes

1 Discipline of Public Health, School of Population Health, University of Adelaide, Mail Drop DX650550, Adelaide 5005, South Australia, Australia 2 Sansom Institute for Health Research, School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide 5000, South Australia, Australia 3 School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS82BN, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 June 2012; in revised form: 27 July 2012 / Accepted: 6 August 2012 / Published: 13 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Infant Nutrition)
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Abstract: Dietary patterns are a useful summary measure of diet. Few studies have examined the nutrient profiles underpinning the dietary patterns of young children. The study aim is to determine whether dietary patterns at 6 and 15 months of age are associated with nutrient intakes at 8 and 18 months, respectively. Participants were children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children who had complete dietary pattern and nutrient intake data (n = 725 at 6–8 months, n = 535 at 15–18 months). The association between tertiles of dietary pattern scores and nutrient intake was examined using a non-parametric test for trend. Scores on the home-made traditional pattern (6–8 months) were positively associated with median energy intake. Each dietary pattern had different associations with energy-adjusted intakes of macro- and micro-nutrients. At both times, the discretionary pattern was positively and the ready-prepared baby foods pattern was negatively associated with sodium intake. At 6–8 months, calcium and iron intakes decreased across scores on the home-made traditional and breastfeeding patterns, but increased across the ready-prepared baby food patterns. These findings highlight that dietary patterns in infants and toddlers vary in their underlying energy and nutrient composition.
Keywords: dietary patterns; infants; toddlers; nutrient intake; ALSPAC

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MDPI and ACS Style

Smithers, L.G.; Golley, R.K.; Brazionis, L.; Emmett, P.; Northstone, K.; Lynch, J.W. Dietary Patterns of Infants and Toddlers Are Associated with Nutrient Intakes. Nutrients 2012, 4, 935-948.

AMA Style

Smithers LG, Golley RK, Brazionis L, Emmett P, Northstone K, Lynch JW. Dietary Patterns of Infants and Toddlers Are Associated with Nutrient Intakes. Nutrients. 2012; 4(8):935-948.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Smithers, Lisa G.; Golley, Rebecca K.; Brazionis, Laima; Emmett, Pauline; Northstone, Kate; Lynch, John W. 2012. "Dietary Patterns of Infants and Toddlers Are Associated with Nutrient Intakes." Nutrients 4, no. 8: 935-948.

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