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Infant Nutrition and Later Health: A Review of Current Evidence
Nutrients 2012, 4(8), 935-948; doi:10.3390/nu4080935

Dietary Patterns of Infants and Toddlers Are Associated with Nutrient Intakes

1,* , 2
1 Discipline of Public Health, School of Population Health, University of Adelaide, Mail Drop DX650550, Adelaide 5005, South Australia, Australia 2 Sansom Institute for Health Research, School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide 5000, South Australia, Australia 3 School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS82BN, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 June 2012 / Revised: 27 July 2012 / Accepted: 6 August 2012 / Published: 13 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Infant Nutrition)
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Dietary patterns are a useful summary measure of diet. Few studies have examined the nutrient profiles underpinning the dietary patterns of young children. The study aim is to determine whether dietary patterns at 6 and 15 months of age are associated with nutrient intakes at 8 and 18 months, respectively. Participants were children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children who had complete dietary pattern and nutrient intake data (n = 725 at 6–8 months, n = 535 at 15–18 months). The association between tertiles of dietary pattern scores and nutrient intake was examined using a non-parametric test for trend. Scores on the home-made traditional pattern (6–8 months) were positively associated with median energy intake. Each dietary pattern had different associations with energy-adjusted intakes of macro- and micro-nutrients. At both times, the discretionary pattern was positively and the ready-prepared baby foods pattern was negatively associated with sodium intake. At 6–8 months, calcium and iron intakes decreased across scores on the home-made traditional and breastfeeding patterns, but increased across the ready-prepared baby food patterns. These findings highlight that dietary patterns in infants and toddlers vary in their underlying energy and nutrient composition.
Keywords: dietary patterns; infants; toddlers; nutrient intake; ALSPAC dietary patterns; infants; toddlers; nutrient intake; ALSPAC
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Smithers, L.G.; Golley, R.K.; Brazionis, L.; Emmett, P.; Northstone, K.; Lynch, J.W. Dietary Patterns of Infants and Toddlers Are Associated with Nutrient Intakes. Nutrients 2012, 4, 935-948.

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