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Nutrients 2012, 4(7), 625-637; doi:10.3390/nu4070625
Article

Significant Effect of a Pre-Exercise High-Fat Meal after a 3-Day High-Carbohydrate Diet on Endurance Performance

1
, 1
, 1
, 1
, 1
 and 1,2,*
1 Faculty of Sports and Health Science, Fukuoka University, 8-19-1 Nanakuma Jonan-ku, Fukuoka City, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan 2 Institute for Physical Activity, Fukuoka University, 8-19-1 Nanakuma Jonan-ku, Fukuoka City, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 May 2012 / Revised: 7 June 2012 / Accepted: 14 June 2012 / Published: 27 June 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Sports Nutrition)
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Abstract

We investigated the effect of macronutrient composition of pre-exercise meals on endurance performance. Subjects consumed a high-carbohydrate diet at each meal for 3 days, followed by a high-fat meal (HFM; 1007 ± 21 kcal, 30% CHO, 55% F and 15% P) or high-carbohydrate meal (HCM; 1007 ± 21 kcal, 71% CHO, 20% F and 9% P) 4 h before exercise. Furthermore, just prior to the test, subjects in the HFM group ingested either maltodextrin jelly (M) or a placebo jelly (P), while subjects in the HCM ingested a placebo jelly. Endurance performance was measured as running time until exhaustion at a speed between lactate threshold and the onset of blood lactate accumulation. All subjects participated in each trial, randomly assigned at weekly intervals. We observed that the time until exhaustion was significantly longer in the HFM + M (p < 0.05) than in HFM + P and HCM + P conditions. Furthermore, the total amount of fat oxidation during exercise was significantly higher in HFM + M and HFM + P than in HCM + P (p < 0.05). These results suggest that ingestion of a HFM prior to exercise is more favorable for endurance performance than HCM. In addition, HFM and maltodextrin ingestion following 3 days of carbohydrate loading enhances endurance running performance.
Keywords: marathon; glycogen; fat oxidation; carbohydrate oxidation; metabolism marathon; glycogen; fat oxidation; carbohydrate oxidation; metabolism
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Murakami, I.; Sakuragi, T.; Uemura, H.; Menda, H.; Shindo, M.; Tanaka, H. Significant Effect of a Pre-Exercise High-Fat Meal after a 3-Day High-Carbohydrate Diet on Endurance Performance. Nutrients 2012, 4, 625-637.

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