Abstract: A systematic review was conducted to assess what is known about the effect of low glycaemic index (GI) diets on glycaemic control, weight and quality of life in youth with cystic fibrosis (CF). Eligibility criteria were systematic reviews, randomised and non-randomised trials of low GI dietary interventions in CF. Outcomes examined were glycaemic control, quality of life, anthropometry and respiratory function. Reference lists were manually searched and experts in the field were consulted. Four studies met the eligibility criteria; two were excluded because they did not include data on any of the outcomes. The remaining two were studies that examined GI secondary to any other intervention: one used GI as a factor in enteral feeds and the other incorporated low GI dietary education into its treatment methodology. There is insufficient evidence to recommend use of low GI diets in CF. Since there is evidence to support use of low GI diets in type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes, low GI diets should be tested as an intervention for CF. The potential risks and benefits of a low GI diet in CF are discussed.
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Balzer, B.W.R.; Graham, C.L.; Craig, M.E.; Selvadurai, H.; Donaghue, K.C.; Brand-Miller, J.C.; Steinbeck, K.S. Low Glycaemic Index Dietary Interventions in Youth with Cystic Fibrosis: A Systematic Review and Discussion of the Clinical Implications. Nutrients 2012, 4, 286-296.
Balzer BWR, Graham CL, Craig ME, Selvadurai H, Donaghue KC, Brand-Miller JC, Steinbeck KS. Low Glycaemic Index Dietary Interventions in Youth with Cystic Fibrosis: A Systematic Review and Discussion of the Clinical Implications. Nutrients. 2012; 4(4):286-296.
Balzer, Ben W. R.; Graham, Christie L.; Craig, Maria E.; Selvadurai, Hiran; Donaghue, Kim C.; Brand-Miller, Jennie C.; Steinbeck, Kate S. 2012. "Low Glycaemic Index Dietary Interventions in Youth with Cystic Fibrosis: A Systematic Review and Discussion of the Clinical Implications." Nutrients 4, no. 4: 286-296.