Next Article in Journal
Low Glycaemic Index Dietary Interventions in Youth with Cystic Fibrosis: A Systematic Review and Discussion of the Clinical Implications
Next Article in Special Issue
A Community-Based Study of Enduring Eating Features in Young Women
Previous Article in Journal
Sources and Determinants of Vitamin D Intake in Danish Pregnant Women
Previous Article in Special Issue
Binge Eating and Weight-Related Quality of Life in Obese Adolescents
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2012, 4(4), 273-285; doi:10.3390/nu4040273

Disordered Eating among Preadolescent Boys and Girls: The Relationship with Child and Maternal Variables

Department of Applied Psychology, School of Psychology, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, Braga 4710, Portugal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 February 2012 / Revised: 2 April 2012 / Accepted: 6 April 2012 / Published: 17 April 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Maladaptive Eating Attitudes in Youth)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [198 KB, 24 April 2012; original version 17 April 2012]


Objective: (i) To analyze the eating behaviors and body satisfaction of boys and girls and to examine their mothers’ perceptions of these two domains; and (ii) to evaluate eating problem predictors using child body mass index (BMI), self-esteem, and body satisfaction as well as maternal BMI, eating problems, and satisfaction with their child’s body. The participants included 111 children (54.1% girls aged between 9 and 12 years old) and their mothers. Assessment measures included the Child Eating Attitude Test, the Self-Perception Profile for Children, the Eating Disorders Questionnaire, and the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire. Child and maternal measures also included BMI and Collins Figure Drawings. Results: (i) No association between child and maternal BMI for either sex was found; (ii) no difference was found between boys and girls with regard to eating behavior; (iii) most children revealed a preference for an ideal body image over their actual body image; (iv) most mothers preferred thinner bodies for their children; (v) greater BMI was related to higher body dissatisfaction; and (vi) child BMI and dissatisfaction with body image predicted eating disturbances in boys, whereas self-esteem, maternal BMI, and eating behavior predicted them in girls. Discussion: Maternal eating problems and BMI were related to female eating problems only.
Keywords: eating behavior; body dissatisfaction; gender differences eating behavior; body dissatisfaction; gender differences
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Gonçalves, S.; Silva, M.; Gomes, A.R.; Machado, P.P.P. Disordered Eating among Preadolescent Boys and Girls: The Relationship with Child and Maternal Variables. Nutrients 2012, 4, 273-285.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top