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Food Group Intake and Micronutrient Adequacy in Adolescent Girls
Preventive Medicine & Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, 72 East Concord St, Boston, MA 02118, USA
Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine and Children's Hospital Colorado, 13123 E. 16th Avenue, B065, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 August 2012; in revised form: 6 October 2012 / Accepted: 22 October 2012 / Published: 12 November 2012
Abstract: This study explores the contribution of food group intakes to micronutrient adequacy among 2379 girls in the National Growth and Health Study during three age periods (9–13, 14–18, and 19–20 years). Data on food and nutrient intakes from 3-day diet records over 10 years were used to estimate mean intakes and percent meeting Dietary Guidelines (DGA) recommendations for food intakes and Institute of Medicine’s recommendations for vitamins and minerals. More than 90% of girls failed to consume the recommended amounts of fruit, vegetables and dairy; 75% consumed less than the recommended amounts in the “meat” group. The vast majority of girls of all ages had inadequate intakes of calcium, magnesium, potassium, and vitamins D and E. In contrast, they consumed >750 kcal/day (~40% of total energy) from the DGA category of solid fat and added sugars, about five times the recommended maximum intakes. This study shows the importance of consuming a variety of foods in all five food groups, including those that are more energy dense such as dairy and meats, in order to meet a broad range of nutrient guidelines. Diet patterns that combined intakes across food groups led to greater improvements in overall nutritional adequacy.
Keywords: nutrient adequacy; dietary intake; adolescents; longitudinal study
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Moore, L.L.; Singer, M.R.; Qureshi, M.M.; Bradlee, M.L.; Daniels, S.R. Food Group Intake and Micronutrient Adequacy in Adolescent Girls. Nutrients 2012, 4, 1692-1708.
Moore LL, Singer MR, Qureshi MM, Bradlee ML, Daniels SR. Food Group Intake and Micronutrient Adequacy in Adolescent Girls. Nutrients. 2012; 4(11):1692-1708.
Moore, Lynn L.; Singer, Martha R.; Qureshi, M. M.; Bradlee, M. L.; Daniels, Stephen R. 2012. "Food Group Intake and Micronutrient Adequacy in Adolescent Girls." Nutrients 4, no. 11: 1692-1708.