Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Risk Assessment to Underpin Food Regulatory Decisions: An Example of Public Health Nutritional Epidemiology
Previous Article in Journal
A Retrospective Investigation of Thiamin and Energy Intakes Following an Outbreak of Beriberi in the Gambia
Previous Article in Special Issue
Higher Diet Quality Does Not Predict Lower Medicare Costs but Does Predict Number of Claims in Mid-Aged Australian Women
Nutrients 2011, 3(1), 152-163; doi:10.3390/nu3010152

Serum Fatty Acid Reference Ranges: Percentiles from a New Zealand National Nutrition Survey

1,* , 2
1 Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand 2 Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK 3 Faculty of Land and Food Systems, the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada 4 Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Metabolism, Churchill Hospital, Oxford OX3 7lJ, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 November 2010 / Revised: 29 December 2010 / Accepted: 4 January 2011 / Published: 20 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutritional Epidemiology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [269 KB, uploaded 20 January 2011]


Serum fatty acids are increasingly used in cross-sectional surveys and cohort studies as biomarkers of dietary fat intake; however, it is currently difficult to judge whether an individual has low or high fatty acid status, or whether the distribution of fatty acids of a group of people is low or high due to a lack of appropriate reference values. In the absence of interpretive criteria, the distribution of serum fatty acids from a suitable reference population can be used as an alternative. We describe the distribution of the fatty acid composition of the three most commonly reported lipid classes in serum; cholesterol ester, phospholipid and triacylgycerol. Results for each serum lipid class are presented as means (SD) and percentiles (5, 10, 25, 50, 75, 90, and 95) of serum fatty acids in non-fasting blood samples collected from a population based cross-sectional survey of New Zealand adults (n = 2793). These serum fatty acid reference ranges are applicable and relevant to Australia, United Kingdom, and United States as well as other countries where fat intakes are similar to New Zealand.
Keywords: serum fatty acids; nutrition surveys; reference ranges; biomarkers serum fatty acids; nutrition surveys; reference ranges; biomarkers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Bradbury, K.E.; Skeaff, C.M.; Crowe, F.L.; Green, T.J.; Hodson, L. Serum Fatty Acid Reference Ranges: Percentiles from a New Zealand National Nutrition Survey. Nutrients 2011, 3, 152-163.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert