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Nutrients 2010, 2(12), 1231-1246; doi:10.3390/nu2121231
Review

Chemistry and Biochemistry of Dietary Polyphenols

Received: 30 October 2010 / Revised: 29 November 2010 / Accepted: 9 December 2010 / Published: 10 December 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polyphenolics)
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Abstract

Polyphenols are the biggest group of phytochemicals, and many of them have been found in plant-based foods. Polyphenol-rich diets have been linked to many health benefits. This paper is intended to review the chemistry and biochemistry of polyphenols as related to classification, extraction, separation and analytical methods, their occurrence and biosynthesis in plants, and the biological activities and implications in human health. The discussions are focused on important and most recent advances in the above aspects, and challenges are identified for future research.
Keywords: polyphenols; phenolics; phenolic acids; flavonoids; extraction; separation; antioxidant; cell signal modulation polyphenols; phenolics; phenolic acids; flavonoids; extraction; separation; antioxidant; cell signal modulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Tsao, R. Chemistry and Biochemistry of Dietary Polyphenols. Nutrients 2010, 2, 1231-1246.

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