Next Article in Journal
Zinc and Skin Disorders
Previous Article in Journal
Compliance with Dietary Guidelines Varies by Weight Status: A Cross-Sectional Study of Australian Adults
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2018, 10(2), 198; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10020198

Snacking Patterns in Children: A Comparison between Australia, China, Mexico, and the US

Nestlé Research Center, Route du Jorat 57, Vers-chez-les-Blanc, 1000 Lausanne, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 January 2018 / Revised: 3 February 2018 / Accepted: 7 February 2018 / Published: 11 February 2018
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [681 KB, uploaded 11 February 2018]   |  

Abstract

Snacking is common in children and influenced by many factors. The aim of this study is to provide insight of both common and country-specific characteristics of snacking among 4–13 year old children. We analyzed snacking prevalence, energy and nutrient contributions from snacking across diverse cultures and regions, represented by Australia, China, Mexico, and the US using data from respective national surveys. We found that the highest prevalence of snacking was in Australia and the US (over 95%) where snacking provided one-third and one-quarter of total energy intake (TEI), respectively, followed by Mexico (76%, provided 15% TEI) and China (65%, provided 10% TEI). Compared to 4–8 year-olds, the consumption of fruits and milk was lower in 9–13 year-old children, with a trend of increasing savory snacks consumption in China, Mexico, and the US. The nutrient density index of added sugars and saturated fat was higher, especially in Australia, Mexico, and the US. Results suggested that snacking could be an occasion to promote fruit and vegetable consumption in all countries, especially for older children. Snacking guidelines should focus on reducing consumption of snacks high in saturated fat and added sugars for Australia, Mexico, and the US, whereas improving dairy consumption is important in China. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; snacking; patterns; energy; nutrients children; snacking; patterns; energy; nutrients
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, D.; van der Horst, K.; Jacquier, E.F.; Afeiche, M.C.; Eldridge, A.L. Snacking Patterns in Children: A Comparison between Australia, China, Mexico, and the US. Nutrients 2018, 10, 198.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top