Validation of the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index-Revised Using Biomarkers in Children and Adolescents
AbstractThe Brazilian Healthy Eating Index-Revised (BHEI-R) can be used to determine overall dietary patterns. We assessed the BHEI-R scores in children and adolescents, aged from 9 to 13 years old, and associated its component scores with biomarkers of health and dietary exposure. Three 24-h recalls were used to generate BHEI-R. Biomarkers were analyzed in plasma and red blood cells. Correlation tests, agreement, and covariance analyses were used to associate BHEI-R components with biomarkers. Data from 167 subjects were used. The strongest correlations were between fruits, vegetables and legumes with omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids, and β-carotene intakes. Milk and dairy correlated with plasma retinol and pyridoxine. All components rich in vegetable and animal protein sources correlated with plasma creatine. Total BHEI-R scores were positively associated with intakes of omega-6, omega-3, fiber and vitamin C, and inversely associated with energy and saturated fat intakes of individuals. Plasma β-carotene and riboflavin biomarkers were positively associated with total BHEI-R. An inadequate food consumption pattern was captured by both biomarkers of health and dietary exposure. BHEI-R was validated for the above dietary components and can be associated with metabolomics and nutritional epidemiological data in future pediatric studies. View Full-Text
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Toffano, R.B.D.; Hillesheim, E.; Mathias, M.G.; Coelho-Landell, C.A.; Salomão, R.G.; Almada, M.O.R.V.; Camarneiro, J.M.; Barros, T.T.; Camelo-Junior, J.S.; Rezzi, S.; Goulet, L.; Giner, M.P.; Silva, L.D.; Martin, F.-P.; Montoliu, I.; Moco, S.; Collino, S.; Kaput, J.; Monteiro, J.P. Validation of the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index-Revised Using Biomarkers in Children and Adolescents. Nutrients 2018, 10, 154.
Toffano RBD, Hillesheim E, Mathias MG, Coelho-Landell CA, Salomão RG, Almada MORV, Camarneiro JM, Barros TT, Camelo-Junior JS, Rezzi S, Goulet L, Giner MP, Silva LD, Martin F-P, Montoliu I, Moco S, Collino S, Kaput J, Monteiro JP. Validation of the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index-Revised Using Biomarkers in Children and Adolescents. Nutrients. 2018; 10(2):154.Chicago/Turabian Style
Toffano, Roseli B.D.; Hillesheim, Elaine; Mathias, Mariana G.; Coelho-Landell, Carolina A.; Salomão, Roberta G.; Almada, Maria O.R.V.; Camarneiro, Joyce M.; Barros, Tamiris T.; Camelo-Junior, José S.; Rezzi, Serge; Goulet, Laurence; Giner, Maria P.; Silva, Laeticia D.; Martin, Francois-Pierre; Montoliu, Ivan; Moco, Sofia; Collino, Sebastiano; Kaput, Jim; Monteiro, Jacqueline P. 2018. "Validation of the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index-Revised Using Biomarkers in Children and Adolescents." Nutrients 10, no. 2: 154.
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