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Nutrients 2018, 10(2), 128; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10020128

A Systematic Review of Behavioural Interventions Promoting Healthy Eating among Older People

1
Department of Food Science, University of Copenhagen, 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
2
Department of Management of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Systems, University of Florence, 50144 Florence, Italy
3
Centre for Food and Hospitality Research, Institute Paul Bocuse, 69130 Ecully, France
4
Research Centre for Behaviour Change, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Bournemouth University, Poole BH12 5BB, UK
5
Department of Architecture, Design and Media Technology, Aalborg University, 9000 Aalborg, Denmark
6
Faculty of Management, Bournemouth University, Poole BH12 5BB, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 October 2017 / Revised: 19 January 2018 / Accepted: 24 January 2018 / Published: 26 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Ageing)
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Abstract

Because eating habits are inseparably linked with people’s physical health, effective behaviour interventions are highly demanded to promote healthy eating among older people. The aim of this systematic review was to identify effective diet interventions for older people and provide useful evidence and direction for further research. Three electronic bibliographic databases—PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science Core Collection were used to conduct a systematic literature search based on fixed inclusion and exclusion criteria. English language peer-reviewed journal articles published between 2011 and 2016 were selected for data extraction and quality assessment. Finally, a total of 16 studies were identified. The studies’ duration ranged from three weeks to seven years. The majority of studies were carried out in European countries. Seven studies had a moderate quality while the remaining studies were at a less than moderate level. Three dietary educational interventions and all meal service related interventions reported improvements in older people’s dietary variety, nutrition status, or other health-related eating behaviours. Multicomponent dietary interventions mainly contributed to the reduction of risk of chronic disease. The results supported that older people could achieve a better dietary quality if they make diet-related changes by receiving either dietary education or healthier meal service. Further high-quality studies are required to promote healthy eating among older people by taking regional diet patterns, advanced information technology, and nudging strategies into account. View Full-Text
Keywords: behavioural intervention; healthy eating; older people; systematic review behavioural intervention; healthy eating; older people; systematic review
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Zhou, X.; Perez-Cueto, F.J.A.; Santos, Q.D.; Monteleone, E.; Giboreau, A.; Appleton, K.M.; Bjørner, T.; Bredie, W.L.P.; Hartwell, H. A Systematic Review of Behavioural Interventions Promoting Healthy Eating among Older People. Nutrients 2018, 10, 128.

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