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Nutrients 2018, 10(2), 120; doi:10.3390/nu10020120

Effects of Multivitamin, Multimineral and Phytonutrient Supplementation on Nutrient Status and Biomarkers of Heart Health Risk in a Russian Population: A Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo Controlled Study

1
Institute of Nutrition, Ustinsky Proezd, 2/14, Moscow 109240, Russia
2
Access Business Group International, LLC, 5600 Beach Blvd., Buena Park, CA 90621, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 November 2017 / Revised: 19 January 2018 / Accepted: 23 January 2018 / Published: 25 January 2018
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Abstract

The primary objective of this clinical study was to evaluate the effect of a dietary multivitamin, multimineral and phytonutrient (VMP) supplement on blood nutrient status and biomarkers of heart health risk in a Russian population. One hundred twenty healthy adults (40–70 years) were recruited for a 56-day (eight-week) randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study with parallel design. Subjects were divided into two groups and received either a VMP or a placebo (PLA) supplement. Blood nutrient levels of β-carotene, α-tocopherol, vitamin C, B6, B12, red blood cell (RBC) folate, Zinc and Selenium were measured at baseline and on Days 28 and 56, and quercetin was measured at baseline and on Day 56. Blood biomarkers of heart health, i.e. homocysteine (Hcy), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), oxidized LDL (ox-LDL), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), uric acid and blood lipid profile, were measured at baseline and Day 56. Dietary VMP supplementation for 56 days significantly increased circulating levels of quercetin, vitamin C, RBC folate and partially prevented the decline in vitamin B6 and B12 status. Both serum Hcy and GGT were significantly reduced (−3.97 ± 10.09 µmol/L; −1.68 ± 14.53 U/L, respectively) after VMP supplementation compared to baseline. Dietary VMP supplementation improved the nutrient status and reduced biomarkers of heart health risk in a Russian population. View Full-Text
Keywords: heart health risk; homocysteine; nutrient status; dietary supplementation; quercetin; multivitamin; multimineral; phytonutrient heart health risk; homocysteine; nutrient status; dietary supplementation; quercetin; multivitamin; multimineral; phytonutrient
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Isakov, V.A.; Bogdanova, A.A.; Bessonov, V.V.; Sentsova, T.B.; Tutelyan, V.A.; Lin, Y.; Kazlova, V.; Hong, J.; Velliquette, R.A. Effects of Multivitamin, Multimineral and Phytonutrient Supplementation on Nutrient Status and Biomarkers of Heart Health Risk in a Russian Population: A Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo Controlled Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 120.

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