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Nutrients 2018, 10(1), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10010058

Mediterranean Diet and Other Dietary Patterns in Primary Prevention of Heart Failure and Changes in Cardiac Function Markers: A Systematic Review

1
Heart Failure and Transplant Group–Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre 90035-003, Brazil
2
Nutrition Graduate Course, Universidade Federal do Pampa, UNIPAMPA, Itaqui 97650-000, Brazil
3
Multiprofessional Health Residency Program/Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre—HCPA, Porto Alegre 90035-003, Brazil
4
Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre 90035-003, Brazil
5
Post-Graduation Program in Food, Nutrition and Health, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre 90035-003, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 October 2017 / Revised: 10 December 2017 / Accepted: 2 January 2018 / Published: 10 January 2018
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Abstract

Background: Heart failure (HF) is a complex syndrome and is recognized as the ultimate pathway of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Studies using nutritional strategies based on dietary patterns have proved to be effective for the prevention and treatment of CVD. Although there are studies that support the protective effect of these diets, their effects on the prevention of HF are not clear yet. Methods: We searched the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases for studies that examined dietary patterns, such as dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH diet), paleolithic, vegetarian, low-carb and low-fat diets and prevention of HF. No limitations were used during the search in the databases. Results: A total of 1119 studies were identified, 14 met the inclusion criteria. Studies regarding the Mediterranean, DASH, vegetarian, and Paleolithic diets were found. The Mediterranean and DASH diets showed a protective effect on the incidence of HF and/or worsening of cardiac function parameters, with a significant difference in relation to patients who did not adhere to these dietary patterns. Conclusions: It is observed that the adoption of Mediterranean or DASH-type dietary patterns may contribute to the prevention of HF, but these results need to be analyzed with caution due to the low quality of evidence. View Full-Text
Keywords: heart failure; dietary patterns; mediterranean diet; DASH heart failure; dietary patterns; mediterranean diet; DASH
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Sanches Machado d’Almeida, K.; Ronchi Spillere, S.; Zuchinali, P.; Corrêa Souza, G. Mediterranean Diet and Other Dietary Patterns in Primary Prevention of Heart Failure and Changes in Cardiac Function Markers: A Systematic Review. Nutrients 2018, 10, 58.

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