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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(5), 496;

Performance of MODIS C6 Aerosol Product during Frequent Haze-Fog Events: A Case Study of Beijing

1,* , 1
College of Geoscience and Surveying Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology, Beijing 100083, China
Beijing Key Lab of Spatial Information Integration & Its Applications, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yang Liu, Jun Wang, Omar Torres, Richard Müller and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 22 March 2017 / Revised: 4 May 2017 / Accepted: 14 May 2017 / Published: 18 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Pollution)
Full-Text   |   PDF [6875 KB, uploaded 18 May 2017]   |  


The newly released MODIS Collection 6 aerosol products have been widely used to evaluate fine particulate matter with a 10 km Dark Target aerosol optic depth (DT AOD) product, a new 3 km DT AOD product and an enhanced Deep Blue (DB) AOD product. However, the representativeness of MODIS AOD products under different air quality conditions remains unclear. In this study, we obtained all three types of MODIS Terra AOD from 2001 to 2015 and Aqua AOD from 2003 to 2015 for the Beijing region to study the performance of the different AOD products (Collection 6) under different air quality situations. The validation of three MODIS AOD products suggests that DB AOD has the highest accuracy with an expected error (EE) envelope (containing at least 67% of the matchups on a scatter plot) of 0.05 + 0.15τ, followed by 10 km DT AOD (0.08 + 0.2τ) and 3 km DT AOD (0.35 + 0.15τ), specifically for Beijing. Near-surface PM2.5 concentrations during the passage of MODIS from 2013 to 2015 were also obtained to categorize air quality as unpolluted, moderately, and heavily polluted, as well as to analyze the performance of the different AOD products under different air quality conditions. Very few MODIS 3 km DT retrievals appeared on heavily polluted days, making it almost impossible to play an effective role in air quality applications in Beijing. While the DB AOD allowed for considerable retrievals under all air quality conditions, it had a coarse spatial resolution. These results demonstrate that the MODIS 3 km DT AOD product may not be the appropriate proxy to be used in the satellite retrieval of surface PM2.5, especially for those areas with frequent haze-fog events like Beijing. View Full-Text
Keywords: AOD; MODIS; dark target; deep blue; air quality AOD; MODIS; dark target; deep blue; air quality

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Chen, W.; Fan, A.; Yan, L. Performance of MODIS C6 Aerosol Product during Frequent Haze-Fog Events: A Case Study of Beijing. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 496.

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