Next Article in Journal
Retrieving 3-D Large Displacements of Mining Areas from a Single Amplitude Pair of SAR Using Offset Tracking
Next Article in Special Issue
Evaluation of Remote Sensing Inversion Error for the Above-Ground Biomass of Alpine Meadow Grassland Based on Multi-Source Satellite Data
Previous Article in Journal
Improving Spatial Coverage for Aqua MODIS AOD using NDVI-Based Multi-Temporal Regression Analysis
Previous Article in Special Issue
Spectroscopic Estimation of Biomass in Canopy Components of Paddy Rice Using Dry Matter and Chlorophyll Indices
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Remote Sens. 2017, 9(4), 341;

Comparison and Evaluation of Three Methods for Estimating Forest above Ground Biomass Using TM and GLAS Data

State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing Science and Engineering, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
Beijing Key Laboratory for Remote Sensing of Environment and Digital Cities, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
Academy of Forest Inventory and Planning, State Forestry Administration, Beijing 100714, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Lalit Kumar, Onisimo Mutanga, Nicolas Baghdadi and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 21 December 2016 / Revised: 29 March 2017 / Accepted: 31 March 2017 / Published: 2 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing of Above Ground Biomass)
Full-Text   |   PDF [6426 KB, uploaded 8 April 2017]   |  


Medium spatial resolution biomass is a crucial link from the plot to regional and global scales. Although remote-sensing data-based methods have become a primary approach in estimating forest above ground biomass (AGB), many difficulties remain in data resources and prediction approaches. Each kind of sensor type and prediction method has its own merits and limitations. To select the proper estimation algorithm and remote-sensing data source, several forest AGB models were developed using different remote-sensing data sources (Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) data and Thematic Mapper (TM) data) and 108 field measurements. Three modeling methods (stepwise regression (SR), support vector regression (SVR) and random forest (RF)) were used to estimate forest AGB over the Daxing’anling Mountains in northeastern China. The results of models using different datasets and three approaches were compared. The random forest AGB model using Landsat5/TM as input data was shown the acceptable modeling accuracy (R2 = 0.95 RMSE = 17.73 Mg/ha) and it was also shown to estimate AGB reliably by cross validation (R2 = 0.71 RMSE = 39.60 Mg/ha). The results also indicated that adding GLAS data significantly improved AGB predictions for the SVR and SR AGB models. In the case of the RF AGB models, including GLAS data no longer led to significant improvement. Finally, a forest biomass map with spatial resolution of 30 m over the Daxing'anling Mountains was generated using the obtained optimal model. View Full-Text
Keywords: forest above ground biomass (AGB); random forest; mapping forest above ground biomass (AGB); random forest; mapping

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, K.; Wang, J.; Zeng, W.; Song, J. Comparison and Evaluation of Three Methods for Estimating Forest above Ground Biomass Using TM and GLAS Data. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 341.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Remote Sens. EISSN 2072-4292 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top