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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(12), 1002; doi:10.3390/rs8121002

Estimating Daily Maximum and Minimum Land Air Surface Temperature Using MODIS Land Surface Temperature Data and Ground Truth Data in Northern Vietnam

1
Cartography, GIS and Remote Sensing Department, Institute of Geography, University of Göttingen, Goldschmidt Street 5, Göttingen 37077, Germany
2
Cartography and Geodesy Department, Land Management Faculty, Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Zhaoliang Li, Richard Müller and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 12 September 2016 / Revised: 21 November 2016 / Accepted: 28 November 2016 / Published: 7 December 2016
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Abstract

This study aims to evaluate quantitatively the land surface temperature (LST) derived from MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) MOD11A1 and MYD11A1 Collection 5 products for daily land air surface temperature (Ta) estimation over a mountainous region in northern Vietnam. The main objective is to estimate maximum and minimum Ta (Ta-max and Ta-min) using both TERRA and AQUA MODIS LST products (daytime and nighttime) and auxiliary data, solving the discontinuity problem of ground measurements. There exist no studies about Vietnam that have integrated both TERRA and AQUA LST of daytime and nighttime for Ta estimation (using four MODIS LST datasets). In addition, to find out which variables are the most effective to describe the differences between LST and Ta, we have tested several popular methods, such as: the Pearson correlation coefficient, stepwise, Bayesian information criterion (BIC), adjusted R-squared and the principal component analysis (PCA) of 14 variables (including: LST products (four variables), NDVI, elevation, latitude, longitude, day length in hours, Julian day and four variables of the view zenith angle), and then, we applied nine models for Ta-max estimation and nine models for Ta-min estimation. The results showed that the differences between MODIS LST and ground truth temperature derived from 15 climate stations are time and regional topography dependent. The best results for Ta-max and Ta-min estimation were achieved when we combined both LST daytime and nighttime of TERRA and AQUA and data from the topography analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: land surface temperature (LST); MODIS LST products; northern Vietnam land surface temperature (LST); MODIS LST products; northern Vietnam
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Noi, P.T.; Kappas, M.; Degener, J. Estimating Daily Maximum and Minimum Land Air Surface Temperature Using MODIS Land Surface Temperature Data and Ground Truth Data in Northern Vietnam. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 1002.

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