A Thin Plate Spline-Based Feature-Preserving Method for Reducing Elevation Points Derived from LiDAR
AbstractLight detection and ranging (LiDAR) technique is currently one of the most important tools for collecting elevation points with a high density in the context of digital elevation model (DEM) construction. However, the high density data always leads to serious time and memory consumption problems in data processing. In this paper, we have developed a thin plate spline (TPS)-based feature-preserving (TPS-F) method for LiDAR-derived ground data reduction by selecting a certain amount of significant terrain points and by extracting geomorphological features from the raw dataset to maintain the accuracy of constructed DEMs as high as possible, while maximally keeping terrain features. We employed four study sites with different topographies (i.e., flat, undulating, hilly and mountainous terrains) to analyze the performance of TPS-F for LiDAR data reduction in the context of DEM construction. These results were compared with those of the TPS-based algorithm without features (TPS-W) and two classical data selection methods including maximum z-tolerance (Max-Z) and the random method. Results show that irrespective of terrain characteristic, the two versions of TPS-based approaches (i.e., TPS-F and TPS-W) are always more accurate than the classical methods in terms of error range and root means square error. Moreover, in terms of streamline matching rate (SMR), TPS-F has a better ability of preserving geomorphological features, especially for the mountainous terrain. For example, the average SMR of TPS-F is 89.2% in the mountainous area, while those of TPS-W, max-Z and the random method are 56.6%, 34.7% and 35.3%, respectively. View Full-Text
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Chen, C.; Li, Y.; Yan, C.; Dai, H.; Liu, G. A Thin Plate Spline-Based Feature-Preserving Method for Reducing Elevation Points Derived from LiDAR. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 11344-11371.
Chen C, Li Y, Yan C, Dai H, Liu G. A Thin Plate Spline-Based Feature-Preserving Method for Reducing Elevation Points Derived from LiDAR. Remote Sensing. 2015; 7(9):11344-11371.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chen, Chuanfa; Li, Yanyan; Yan, Changqing; Dai, Honglei; Liu, Guolin. 2015. "A Thin Plate Spline-Based Feature-Preserving Method for Reducing Elevation Points Derived from LiDAR." Remote Sens. 7, no. 9: 11344-11371.